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Rulers and Statesmen of Bengal

Name Tenure
Family Chart
Bengal (India, Bangladesh)
To Pala Empire 750-mid-1000s
Rulers of Bengal
Hemantasena 1000s
Sena (2469)
Vijayasena c.1095-c.1158
Sena (2469)
Ballalasena c.1159-c.78
Sena (2469)
Lakshmanasena c.1178-c.1206
Sena (2469)
To Delhi Sultanate, conquest and rule 1204–1342
Vishvarupasena c.1206-c.20
Sena (2469)
Keshavasena c.1220-23
Sena (2469)
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1210-27
Sultans of Bengal
‘Ala ud-din 1210-13
••••
Ghiyath ud-din ‘Iwaz 1213-27
••••
To Delhi Sultanate 1227
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1255-57
Mughith ud-din Yuzbak 1255-57
••••
To Delhi Sultanate 1257
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1275-81
Mughith ud-din Tughral c.1275-81
••••
To Delhi Sultanate 1281
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1287-1325
Nasir ud-din Mahmud 1287-91
Mamluk-Balbani (2444)
Rukn ud-din Kaikaus 1291-1300
Mamluk-Balbani (2444)
Shams ud-din Firuz Shah 1301-22
Firuz Shahi (4415)
Jalal ud-din Mahmud c.1304-09
Firuz Shahi (4415)
Ghiyath ud-din Bahadur (1) 1310-12
Firuz Shahi (4415)
Shihab ud-din Bughday Shah   1317-18
Firuz Shahi (4415)
Ghiyath ud-din Bahadur (2) 1322-25
Firuz Shahi (4415)
►To Delhi Sultanate 1325-42
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1342-1575
Shams ud-din Ilyas Shah 1342-57
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Sikandar Shah 1357-89
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Ghiyath ud-din A‘zam Shah 1389-1410
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Saif Hamza Shah 1410-11
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Shihab ud-din Bayazid Shah 1411-14
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
‘Ala ud-din Firuz Shah 1414
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Jalal ud-din Muhammad Shah 1415-32
Raja Ganesh
Shams ud-din Ahmad Shah 1432-33
Raja Ganesh
Nasir ud-din Mahmud I 1433-59
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Rukn ud-din Barbak Shah 1459-74
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Shams ud-din Yusuf Shah 1474-81
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Sikandar 1481
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Jalal ud-din Fath Shah 1481-86
Ilyas Shahi (2230)
Barbak Shah-zada 1486
Abyssinians
Saif ud-din Firuz Shah 1486-90
Abyssinians
Shams ud-din Muzaffar Shah 1490-93
Abyssinians
Ala ud-din Husain Shah 1493-1519
Husain Shahi
Nasir ud-din Nusrat Shah 1519-32
Husain Shahi
‘Ala ud-din Firuz Shah 1532
Husain Shahi
Ghiyath ud-din Mahmud Shah 1532-38
Husain Shahi
Sher Shah Suri (1) 1538 dep
Suri
►Mughal Empire occupation 1538-39
Sher Shah Suri (2) 1539-45
Suri
Islam Shah 1545-53
Suri
Shams ud-din Muhammad Shah 1553-55
Suri
Ghiyath ud-din Bahadur Shah 1556-60
Suri
Ghiyath ud-din II 1560-63
Suri
Ghiyath ud-din III 1563-64
Suri
Taj Khan Karrani 1564-65
Karrani
Sulaiman Karrani 1565-72
Karrani
Bayazid Karrani 1572
Karrani
Daud Karrani 1572-75
Karrani
►To Mughal Empire 1575-1712 - Governors
Nawabs of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (Subject to Mughal, and then British rule)
Murshid Quli Khan 1704-25
Najafi (4136)
Shuja ud-din Muhammad Khan 1725-39
Najafi (4136)
Sarfaraz Khan 1739-40
Najafi (4136)
Alivardi Khan 1740-56
Afshar
Siraj al-Daula 1756-57
Afshar
Mir Muhammad Jaffer (1) 1757-60
Najafi (4136)
Mir Qasim 1760-63
Najafi (4136)
To the British East India Company 1764
Mir Muhammad Jaffer (2) 1763-65
Najafi (4136)
Najm ud-Daulah 1765-66
Najafi (4136)
Saif ud-Daulah 1766-70
Najafi (4136)
Mubarak ud-Daulah 1770-93
Najafi (4136)
Baber Ali Khan 1793-1810
Najafi (4136)
Ali Jah 1810-21
Najafi (4136)
Walla Jah 1821-24
Najafi (4136)
Humayun Jah 1824-38
Najafi (4136)
Feradun Jah 1838-81 abd; †1884
Najafi (4136)
British rule 1881
Nawabite abolished 1891
Governors of Bengal (for Delhi Sultanate)
Muhammad Bakhtiyar 1204-06
••••
Muhammad Shiran Khan c.1206-07
••••
Husam ud-din ‘Iwaz ( Ghiyath ud-din ‘Iwaz, Sul of Bengal) c.1207-08
••••
'Ali Mardan (‘Ala ud-din, Sul of Bengal) c.1208-10
••••
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1210-27
►To Delhi Sultanate 1227
Nasir ud-din Mahmud 1227-29
••••
Daulat Shah 1229
••••
Malik ‘Ala ud-din Jani 1229
••••
Saif ud-din Aibek 1229-33
••••
‘Izz ud-din Tughral Tughan Khan 1233-44
••••
Malik Qamr ud-din Tamar Khan 1244-46
••••
Malik Ikhtiyar ud-din Yuzbak (Mughith ud-din Yuzbak, Sul of Bengal) 1246-55
••••
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1255-57
To Delhi Sultanate 1257
Malik ‘Ala ud-din Mas‘ud Jani 1257-58
••••
‘Izz ud-din Balba 1258-60
••••
Muhammad Arsalan Khan 1260-c. 65
••••
Sher Khan ?
••••
Amin Khan ?
••••
Mughith ud-din Tughral (Sul of Bengal) 1268-c.75
••••
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared c. 1275-81
To Delhi Sultanate 1281
Bughra Khan (Nasir ud-din Mahmud, Sul of Bengal)   1281-87
Mamluk-Balbani (2444)
Independent Sultanate of Bengal declared 1287-25
To Delhi Sultanate 1325
Nasir ud-din Ibrahim c.1324-26
Firuz Shahi (4415)
Ghiyath aI-Din Bahadur 1328-33
Firuz Shahi (4415)
Division of Lakhnauti, Satgaon, and Sonargaon 1300s
Governors/Subedars of Bengal (for Mughal Empire)
Mun‘im Khan 1574-75
••••
Husain Quli Beg 1575-78
••••
Muzaffar Khan Turbati 1579-80
••••
Mirza ‘Aziz Koka 1582-83
••••
Shahbaz Khan 1583-85
••••
Sadiq Khan 1585-86
••••
Wazir Khan 1586-87
••••
Sa‘id Khan 1587-94
••••
Man Singh 1594-1606
••••
Qutb ud-din Khan Koka 1606-07
••••
Jahangir Quli Beg 1607-08
••••
Islam Khan Chishti 1608-13
••••
Qasim Khan Chishti 1613-17
••••
Ibrahim Khan, Fath Jang 1617-24; †1624
Khwajah (2848)
Mahabat Khan 1625-26
••••
Mukarram Khan 1626-27
••••
Fidai Khan 1627-28
••••
Mir Qasim Khan Juwaini 1628-31†
(2848)
‘Azam Khan Mir Muhammad Baqar 1632-35
••••
Islam Khan Mashhadi 1635-39
••••
Shah Shuja 1639-61†
Mughals (3222)
Mir Muhammad Sa'id Ardistani, Mir Jumla 1660-63†
••••
Abu Talib, Shaista Khan 1664-78; †1694
Khwajah (2848)
Mir Muzaffar Husain Azim Khan Koka 1678†
Khwafi (3838)
Muhammad ‘Azam Shah 1678-88; †1707
Mughals (3222)
Khan Jahan Bahadur Khan 1688-89
Zig (3734)
Ibrahim Beg 1689-97; †1709
••••
Muhammad Azim 'Aziz-al-Shah 1697-1712†
Mughals (3222)
Governors of the Presidency of Bengal (East India Company for Britain)
Sir Charles Eyre 1700-01
Eyre (934)
John Beard 1701-05
••••
Edward Littleton 1705†
Littleton (514)
Vacant
Anthony Weltdon 1710-11
••••
John Russell 1711-13
Russell (249)
Robert Hedges 1713-18
••••
Samuel Flake 1718-23
••••
John Deane (1) 1723-26
••••
Henry Frankland 1726-28
••••
Edward Stephenson 1728
••••
John Deane (2) 1728-32
••••
John Stockhouse 1732-39
••••
Thomas Broddyll 1739-46
••••
John Forster 1746-48
Forster (4720)
William Barwell 1748-49
••••
Adam Dawson 1749-52
Dawson (2863)
William Fytche 1752
••••
Roger Drake 1752-56
Drake (675)
Robert Clive, 1st B Clive 1756-60
Clive (1881)
John Howell [acting] 1760
Howell (5365)
Henry Vansittart 1760-64
Vansittart (1097)
John Spencer [acting] 1764-65
••••
Robert Clive, 1st B Clive 1765-67
Clive (1881)
Harry Verelst 1767-69
••••
John Cartier 1769-72
••••
Warren Hastings 1772-73
Hastings (423)
To Governors of the Presidency of Fort William/Governors General 1833-54
Lieutenant Governors of Bengal (for Britain)
Frederick Halliday 1854-59
••••
Sir John Grant 1859-62
Grant (542)
Sir Cecil Beadon 1862-66
••••
William Grey 1867-71
Grey (122)
Sir George Campbell 1871-74
Campbell (68)
Sir Richard Temple, 1st Bart. 1874-77
Temple (275)
Sir Ashley Eden 1877-82
Eden (368)
Augustus Thompson 1882-85
••••
Horace Cockerell [acting] 1885-87
••••
Sir Steuart Bayley 1887-90
••••
Sir Charles Elliot 1891-95
Elliot (252)
Sir Antony MacDonnell, B MacDonnell [acting] 1895
MacDonnell (2184)
Sir Alexander Mackenzie 1895-97
••••
Sir Charles Stevens 1897-98
••••
Sir John Woodburn 1898-1902
••••
James Bourdillon 1902-03
••••
Sir Andrew Fraser (1) 1903-06
Fraser (369)
Partition of West Bengal and East Bengal and Assam 1905-12 (under administration of lieutenant governors of Bengal)
Sir Lancelot Hare [acting] 1906
••••
Francis Slacke [acting] 1906-08
••••
Sir Andrew Fraser (2) 1908
Fraser (369)
Sir Edward Baker 1908-11
••••
Sir Frederick Duke 1911-12
••••
To Governors of Bengal 1912-47
Governors of Bengal (for Britain)
Thomas Carmichael, B Carmichael 1912-17
Carmichael (9)
Lawrence Dundas, 2nd M of Zetland 1917-22
Dundas (188)
Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd E of Lytton  1922-27
Bulwer-Lytton (186)
Sir Francis Jackson 1927-32
Jackson (2617)
John Anderson, 1st V Waverley  1932-37
Anderson (2569)
Sir John Woodhead [acting] (1) 1937
••••
Michael Knatchbull-Hugesson, 5th B Brabourne  1937-39
Knatchbull (1748)
Robert Reid [acting] 1939
••••
Sir John Woodhead [acting] (2) 1939
••••
Sir John Herbert 1939-43
••••
Sir Thomas Rutherford [acting] 1943-44
••••
Richard Casey 1944-46
••••
Sir Frederick Burrows 1946-47
••••
Bengal partitioned into West Bengal (to India) and East Bengal (to Pakistan) 1947

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