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Mir Muhammad Sa'id Ardistani
Mir Jumla

(c. 1591–1663)


Wazir of Golconda
Mu'azzam Khan

Positions Held

Subedar of Bengal 1660-63†


Mir Jumla's father was Mirza Hazaru, a poor Sayyid oil merchant of Ispahan. He began a career as clerk to a diamond merchant which gave him contact with Golconda and he migrated there in around 1615 or later. He then himself became a very successful diamond merchant, and had been known and respected throughout the Deccan for his wealth and abilities long before he attained high station. He become the prime minister of 'Abdullah Qutb Shah of Golconda. His son Muhammad Amin, a dissolute and violent young man, had drawn on himself the resentment of 'Abdullah Qutb Shah, and had involved his father in a dispute with the court at Delhi. In 1656, Mir Jumla threw himself on the protection of the emperor Shah Jahan, in whose service he remained; he became the chosen counsellor of the Prince Aurangzeb, and afterwards one of the most useful instruments of his ambitious designs. On the accession of Aurangzeb 'Alamgir, he was sent in pursuit of Sultan Shujaa' and appointed governor of Bengal. The title conferred on him by 'Alamgir was Mu'azzam Khan Khan-khanan Sipah Sahar. He held the rank of 7000. In 1662, he went on an expedition against the kingdom of Asam. He marched from Dacca in Bengal about the month of February, and entered Asam by Ghoraghat; from there he proceeded with very little opposition to the capital Ghargaon which he took and plundered; but the rainy season setting in soon after, inundating great part of the country, his supplies were cut off by the Assamese, and his troops becoming sickly, it was with great difficulty the army effected its retreat. The unfortunate general fell a victim to the climate a few days after his re-entering Bengal and died. Mir Jumla's only son was Muhammad Amin Khan. He had two daughters, and he was planning to marry them to Saiyid Nizamuddin Ahmad of Mecca, and to Saiyid Sultan Karbalai of Najaf, but these plans were thwarted by Abdullah Qutb Shah, Sultan of Golconda, causing him displeasure.

Place of birth: Ardistan
Place of death: Khizarpur, Kuch Behar




1. M. Afzal Khan, 1987. Iranian Nobility Under Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. Thesis. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
2. H.G. Keene. An Oriental Biographical Dictionary Founded on Materials Collected by Thomas William Beale. London: W. H. Allen & Co., Limited, 1894.
R.M. Eaton. The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204–1760. Berkeley; Los Angeles; London: University of California Press, 1993. 

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