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Abbreviations and Symbols

   
Abbreviations
abd
abdicated/relinquished right
ann
annulled
att
attained
bapt
baptised
bef
before
conf.
confirmed
cr
created
d.y., y
died young
dep
deposed
depr
deprived
div
divorced
dism
dismissed
dsp
died without issue
dvp
died in father's lifetime
ext
extinct
forf
forfeited
inv
invested
k
killed
m
murdered
N
name or surname unknown
NNF
name unknown - female
NNM
name unknown - male
NSI
no issue surviving beyond infancy
purch
purchased
rem
removed
ren
renounced
res
resigned
ret
retired
rev
revoked
s
suicide
sp
(appearing after †) died without issue
tit
titular
tr
translated to another see
u.
und
x
slain in battle
y
died young, usually, in infancy or early childhood
Symbols
*
born
~
baptised
died
executed
>
on or after
<
on or before
buried
§
event occurred by year shown
half-siblings
=
married
֍ engaged

|
N

no issue
descendants
uncertain if married
concubine
divorce, annulment
-
non-marital relationship
uncertain if a relationship existed
unknown relationship type
҂
died unmarried
¦
uncertain parentage
ΘΘ
link to person within the same chart
joint ruler
ѧ
abdicated, resigned

deposed, deprived, confiscated, attained

held title/honour during a particular year

brief family tree for an individual

titular title

••••

Family chart unassigned
Title Abbreviations
Abp
archbishop
Abs
Abbess
Abt
Abbot
AD
archduke, erzherzog; archduchess, erzherzogin
AG
altgraf, altgrave; altgräfin, altgravine
Arch
archon
Azn
B
baron, barone, barón, baran, báró
Bart
baronet
Bgf
burggraf, burgrave; burggräfin, burgravine
Bgfn
burggräfin, burgravine
Bl
blessed
Bp
bishop
Bss
baroness, baronesse, baronne, baronessa, baronesa
C
count, comte, conte, conde
Card
cardinal priest
Cardinal-B
cardinal bishop
Cardinal-D
cardinald deacon
Cav
cavaliere
Chanc
chancellor
Chev
chevalier
Chf
chief
Cons
consort
Cos
consul
CPal
count palatine
CPr
crown Prince
CPss
crown Princess
Css
countess, comtesse, contessa, condesa
Csn
consignore
D
duke, duc, duca, duque
Des
despot
Dict
dictator
Dg
doge
Dm
dame
dn
don
dna
donna, doña
Dph
dauphin
Dss
duchess, duchesse, duchessa, duquesa
E
earl
Edl
edle, edler
Ehr
erbherr
El
elector, kurfürst
Eldmn
ealdorman
Em
emir, amir
Emp
emperor
Emps
empress
Erbp
erbprinz
Esq
esquire
Ffr
freifrau
Fgf
freigraf
Fgfn
freigräfin
Fhr
freiherr
Fr
frau
Frn
freiin
Fst
fürst
Fstn
fürstin
GD, GHzg
grand duke; grand duchess, Großherzog
Gen
general
Gf
graf
Gfn
gräfin
GM
grand master
GP
grand prior
 gt
gennant
GVoiv
grand voivode
Her
hereditary
Hon
honourable
Hr
herr
HRE
holy roman emperor
HRH
his, her royal highness
Hzg
herzog
Hzn
herzogin
Inf
infante, infanta
Jhr, Jkvr
jonkheer, jonkvrouw
Jrl
jarl
K
king
Kh
khan
L
lord
Ld
laird
Lg
landgraf, landgrave; landgräfin, landgravine
LM
lord or lady of the manor
Ly
lady
M
marquess, marquis, marchese, marqués
Mg
markgraf, margrave; markgräfin, margravine
Mhrja
maharaja
Mz
mirza
Mlla
madamigella
Mlle
madamoiselle
Mme
madame
Mss
marchioness, marquise, marchesa, marquesa
Mstr
master
Nob
noble
Nwb
nawab
P
prince, prince, principe, principe, prinz
Pal
palatine
Patr
Patriarch
Pgf
pfalzgraf
Pgfn
pfalzgräfin
Ph
pharaoh
PM
prime minister
Pod
podestà
Pr
prior
Pres
president
Pss
princess, princesse, principessa, principesa, prinzessin
Prim
primate
Q
queen
QM
queen mother
Rsgf
reichsgraf
Rfhr
reichsfreiherr
Rhgf
rheingraf
Rhgfn
rheingräfin
Rl
ruler
Rr
ritter
Syd
sayyid
Syda
sayyida
Schk
schenk
Sh
shah
Shk
sheik, shaikh
Shka
sheika, shaika
Shz
shahzada
Shzi
shahzadi
Sn
signore, seigneur, señor
Sna
signora, señora
Sr
sire
SR
sri rani
St
saint
Sul
sultan
Tav
Tsr
tsar
Tsrn
tsarina, czarina
V
viscount, vicomte, visconte, visconde
Voiv
voivode
Vss
viscountess, vicomtesse, viscontessa, viscondesa
W-u.R
wild- und Rheingraf, Rheingräfin
Country Abbreviations
AFG
Afghanistan
ALB
Albania
ALG
Algeria
AMS
American Samoa
AND
Andorra
ANG
Angola
ANT
Antigua and Barbuda
ARG
Argentina
ARM
Armenia
ARU
Aruba
AUS
Australia
AUT
Austria
AZE
Azerbaijan
BAH
Bahamas
BAN
Bangladesh
BAR
Barbados
BDI
Burundi
BEL
Belgium
BEN
Benin
BER
Bermuda
BHR
Bahrain
BHU
Bhutan
BIZ
Belize
BLR
Belarus
BOL
Bolivia
BOT
Botswana
BRA
Brazil
BRU
Brunei
BSH
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BUL
Bulgaria
BUR
Burkina Faso
CAF
Central African Republic
CAM
Cambodia
CAN
Canada
CAY
Cayman Islands
CGO
Republic of the Congo
CHA
Chad
CHI
Chile
CHN
China
CKI
Cook Islands
CMR
Cameroon
COD
Democratic Republic of the Congo
COL
Colombia
COM
Comoros
COS
Costa Rica
CPV
Cape Verde
CRO
Croatia
CUB
Cuba
CYP
Cyprus
CZE
Czech Republic
DEN
Denmark
DJI
Djibouti
DMA
Dominica
DOM
Dominican Republic
ECU
Ecuador
EGy
Egypt
ERI
Eritrea
ESA
El Salvador
EST
Estonia
ETH
Ethiopia
FIJ
Fiji
FIN
Finland
FRA
France
FSM
Federated States of Micronesia
GAB
Gabon
GAM
The Gambia
GBR
Great Britain
GBS
Guinea-Bissau
GEO
Georgia
GEQ
Equatorial Guinea
GER
Germany
GHA
Ghana
GRE
Greece
GRN
Grenada
GUA
Guatemala
GUI
Guinea
GUM
Guam
GUY
Guyana
HAI
Haiti
HKG
Hong Kong
HON
Honduras
HUN
Hungary
ICE
Iceland
INA
Indonesia
IND
India
IRA
Iran
IRL
Ireland
IRQ
Iraq
ISR
Israel
ISV
Virgin Islands
ITA
Italy
IVB
British Virgin Islands
IVC
Ivory Coast
JAM
Jamaica
JOR
Jordan
JPN
Japan
KAZ
Kazakhstan
KEN
Kenya
KGZ
Kyrgyzstan
KIR
Kiribati
KOR
South Korea
KOS
Kosovo
KUW
Kuwait
LAO
Laos
LAT
Latvia
LBR
Liberia
LBY
Libya
LCA
Saint Lucia
LEB
Lebanon
LES
Lesotho
LIE
Liechtenstein
LIT
Lithuania
LUX
Luxembourg
MAD
Madagascar
MAL
Malaysia
MAW
Malawi
MDV
Maldives
MEX
Mexico
MHL
Marshall Islands
MKD
North Macedonia
MLD
Moldova
MLI
Mali
MLT
Malta
MON
Mongolia
MNE
Montenegro
MON
Monaco
MOZ
Mozambique
MRC
Morocco
MRI
Mauritius
MTN
Mauritania
MYA
Myanmar
NAM
Namibia
NED
Netherlands
NEP
Nepal
NGA
Nigeria
NIC
Nicaragua
NIG
Niger
NKO
North Korea
NOR
Norway
NRU
Nauru
NZL
New Zealand
OMA
Oman
PAK
Pakistan
PAN
Panama
PAR
Paraguay
PER
Peru
PHI
Philippines
PLE
Palestine
PLW
Palau
PNG
Papua New Guinea
POL
Poland
POR
Portugal
PRI
Puerto Rico
QAT
Qatar
ROM
Romania
RSA
South Africa
RUS
Russia
RWA
Rwanda
SAM
Samoa
SAU
Saudi Arabia
SEN
Senegal
SEY
Seychelles
SGP
Singapore
SKN
Saint Kitts and Nevis
SLE
Sierra Leone
SLO
Slovenia
SMA
San Marino
SOL
Solomon Islands
SOM
Somalia
SPA
Spain
SRB
Serbia
SRI
Sri Lanka
SSD
South Sudan
STP
São Tomé and Príncipe
SUD
Sudan
SWI
Switzerland
SUR
Suriname
SKV
Slovakia
SWE
Sweden
SWZ
Eswatini
SYR
Syria
TAN
Tanzania
THA
Thailand
TJK
Tajikistan
TKM 
Turkmenistan
TLS
East Timor
TOG
Togo
TON
Tonga
TPE
Chinese Taipei
TRI
Trinidad and Tobago
TUN
Tunisia
TUR
Turkey
TUV
Tuvalu
TWN
Taiwan
UAE
United Arab Emirates
UGA
Uganda
UKR
Ukraine
URG
Uruguay
USA
United States
UZB
Uzbekistan
VAN
Vanuatu
VEN
Venezuela
VIE
Vietnam
VIN
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
YEM
Yemen
ZAM
Zambia
ZIM
Zimbabwe


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