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Vatican: Orders, Honours, and Decorations
Honours and Recipients
Name
Tenure
Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem
Knights of the Collar, Dames of the Collar
Knights Grand Cross, Dames Grand Cross
Adalberto of Savoy, D of Bergamo
Knight Commanders with Star, Dame Commanders with Star
Knight Commanders, Dame Commanders
Knights, Dames
Order of the Golden Spur (Order of the Golden Militia)
Founded by Emperor Constantine and confirmed by Pope Sylvester, but more likely from the reign of Pope Paul III or Pope Pius IV. Reformed by Pope Gregory XVI, 1840.
Knight
Andrea Mantegna
Raffaello Sanzio (Raphael)
Commander (from 1840)
Knight (from 1840)
Lateran Cross
►Established by Pope Leo XIII 1903
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Order of Pius IX
Founded 1559 by Pope Pius IV. Reformed 1847 by Pius IX.
1st Class: Grand Collar
2nd Class: Grand Cross
3rd Class a): Commander with Star
3rd Class b): Commander
4th Class: Knight
Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice (Cross of Honour)
Established by Pope Leo XIII in 1888.
Order of St Gregory the Great
Instituted 1831 by Gregory XVI. Reformed 1834.
Military Division
1st Class: Grand Cross
2nd Class a): Commander with Star
2nd Class b): Commander
3rd Class: Knight
Civilian Division
1st Class: Grand Cross
Sir James Gobbo
2nd Class a): Commander with Star
2nd Class b): Commander
3rd Class: Knight
Order of St Sylvester
Said to have been founded by Pope Sylvester; restored 1841 by Gregory XVI.
1st Class: Grand Cross
2nd Class a): Commander with Star
2nd Class b): Commander
3rd Class: Knight
Supreme Order of Christ
Founded 1317 by King Denis I of Portugal as a branch of the Knights Templar. Confirmed 1319 by Pope John XXII, and reorganised by Pope Pius X in 1905.
There is a secular version awarded by Portugal known as the Military Order of Christ)
Knight
David Dyce Sombre

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