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The Seven Wonders

The earliest extant list of seven wonders was compiled by Antipater of Sidon in 240 BC, chronicling the ancient giants of architecture. The Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages adaptation originates from English and French writers in the 18th century, showcasing religious devotion through colossal statues and intricate mausoleums. The list of modern wonders was composed by the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1994, celebrating engineering feats such as bridges and tunnels. The 'Seven New Wonders' list was decided by popular vote on 7 July 2007, enshrined contemporary marvels spanning architectural icons, ancient wisdom, and natural beauty. These evolving lists, driven by changing contexts and values, offer a window into what humanity has deemed exceptional across time.





 

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The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
# Construction Location Date Built Fate
1
Pyramids of Egypt
near Cairo, Egypt
btw 2700 and 1800 BC
extant
2
Hanging Gardens of Babylon¹
Iraq, exact site uncertain
early 500s BC
unknown
3
Temple of Artemis/Diana
Ephesus, south of Izmir, Turkey
550 BC-430 BC
Destroyed by the Goths, c. AD 263. Most of the remains were reused in other constructions. Remains survive.
4
Statue of Zeus/Jupiter
Olympia, Elis, Greece
c. 430 BC²
Destroyed by fire, AD 475. Remains of the temple discovered in 1829.
5
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Bodrum, Turkey
c. 285 BC
Damaged by an earthquake, 1200s. In 1402, most of its remains were used by the Crusaders to construct their castle at Bodrum. Remains survive.
6
Colossus of Rhodes
Rhodes, Greece
c. 285 BC
Destroyed in 225 BC by an earthquake. Remains sold off by Arab conquerors in AD 654.
7
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Isle of Pharos, Egypt
c. 279 BC
Destroyed by an earthquake, c. 1303.  Remains used by Sultan Qaiy Bey to build a fort, 1480. Underwater remains found in 1994.
Seven wonders of the ancient world in art by Philips Galle, Bernard Rantwyck, and William Harvey
The Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages
# Construction
Location
Date Built

Colosseum of Rome

Rome, Italy

AD 80

2

Catacombs of Alexandria

Alexandria, Egypt  

2nd century AD

3

Great Wall of China

China

204 BC

4

Stonehenge

Wiltshire, England

c. 2000 BC

5

Leaning Tower of Pisa

Pisa, Italy

1174

6

Porcelain Tower of Nanking

Nanking, China

1413. Destroyed between 1853 and 1864

7

Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque

Istanbul, Turkey

532-537

The Seven Wonders of the Modern World
# Construction
Location
Date Built

1

Panama Canal Panama

1914

North Sea Protection Works The Netherlands

from 1927

3

Empire State Building New York, USA

1932

4

Golden Gate Bridge San Francisco, USA

1937

5

CN Tower Toronto, Canada

1976

6

Itaipu Dam Brazil and Paraguay border

1982

7

Channel Tunnel British Channel, France and England

1994

The Seven 'New' Wonders of the World
# Construction
Location
Date Built

Chichén Itzá

Yucatan, Mexico

9th century AD

2

Great Wall of China

China

204 BC

3

Taj Mahal

Agra, India

btw 1628-58 (mausoleum)

4

Colosseum of Rome

Rome, Italy

AD 80

5

Christ the Redeemer Statue

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

1926

6

Machu Picchu

Andes Mountains, Peru

15th century AD

7

City of Petra

Jordan

from c. 300 BC
Notes

The list of ancient wonders was compiled by Antipater of Sidon, 240 BC.
The Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages list originates from English and French writers in the 18th century.
The list of modern wonders was composed by the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1994.
The 'Seven New Wonders' list was decided by popular vote on 7 July 2007.

1. Constructed during King Nebuchadnezzar reign (c. 605-562 BC)
2. Built by the Athenian sculptor Pheidias


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