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Church of the East: Patriarchs

The Patriarchs of the Church of the East were the spiritual heads of the Nestorian Church, founded in the 5th century AD. The patriarchate was headquartered in Seleucia-Ctesiphon, in what is now Iraq, and it had jurisdiction over a vast territory that stretched from Central Asia to India. The patriarchs played an important role in the spread of Christianity in Asia. They established churches and monasteries in many new lands, and they translated the Bible and other Christian texts into local languages. They were also active in theological debates, and they helped to shape the development of Nestorian doctrine. The patriarchate came to an end in 1804 with the death of Eliya XII. Eliya was the last patriarch to be elected by the church's synod. After his death, the church was divided into two factions, one led by the patriarch of Urmia, and the other by the patriarch of Qudshanis. The two factions never reunited, and the Church of the East has remained divided ever since.

The Patriarchs
Name
Tenure
St Thomas the Apostle
†73
••••
Addai
37–65
••••
Mari
88–120
••••
Abris
121–37
••••
Abraham I
159–71
••••
James I
172–90
••••
Ahadabui ?
202–20 ?
••••
Schalupa ?
220–40 ?
••••
Vacant 240–285/291
Papa bar-Aggai
285/91–c. 327
••••
Shimun I
329–41
••••
Sahdost
341–42
••••
Barbahemin
343–46
••••
Vacant 346–363 or 399
Papa bar-Aggai
285/91–c. 327
••••
Tomarsa ?
363–72 ?
••••
Qayyuma ?
377–99 ?
••••
Isaac I
399–410
••••
Ahai
410–14
••••
Yahballaha I
415–20
••••
Ma’na  
420
••••
Faraboht
421
••••
Dadisho I
421–56
••••
Babowei
457–84
••••
Acacius
485–96
••••
Babai
497–502
••••
Silas
503–23
••••
Patriarchal schism 524–539
Narses
524–35
••••
Elisha
524–39
••••
Paul I
539
••••
Aba I the Great
540–52
••••
Joseph
552–67
••••
Ezekiel
570–82
••••
Ishoyahb I
582–96
••••
Sabrisho I
596–604
••••
Gregory I
605–08
 
Vacant 608–628
Ishoyahb II
628–46
••••
Maremmeh  
646–50
••••
Ishoyahb III
650–60
••••
Giwargis I
661–80
••••
John I Bar Marta
680–83
••••
Henanisho I
685–700
••••
John the Leper
692–93
••••
Vacant 700–714
Saliba-Zakha
714–28
••••
Pethion
731–40
••••
Aba II
741–51
••••
Sourin
754
••••
James II
754–75
••••
Henanisho II
775–80
••••
Timothy I
780–823
••••
Isho Bar Nun
823–28
••••
Giwargis II
828–31
••••
Sabrisho II
831–35
••••
Abraham II
837–50
••••
Theodosius I
853–58
••••
Sergius I
860–72
••••
Israel of Kashkar (not consecrated)
877
••••
Enos I
877–84
••••
John II
884–92
••••
John III
893–99
••••
John IV
900–05
••••
Abraham III
906–37
••••
Emmanuel I
937–60
••••
Israel I
961
••••
Abdisho I
963–86
••••
Mari II
987–99
••••
John V
1000–11
••••
John VI
1012–16
••••
Ishoyahb IV
1020–25
••••
Eliya I
1028–49
••••
John VII
1049–57
••••
Sabrisho III
1064–72
••••
Abdisho II
1074–90
••••
Makika I
1092–1110
••••
Eliya II
1111–34
••••
Barsauma I
1134–36
••••
|| III
1138–48
••••
Ishoyahb V
1149–75
••••
Eliya III
1176–90
••••
Yahbhallah II
1190–1222
••••
Sabrisho IV
1222–24 
••••
Sabrisho V 
1226–56 
••••
Makika II  
1257–65 
••••
Dinkha I 
1265–81 
••••
Yahbhallah III  
1281–1317
••••
Timothy II  
1318–32 
••••
Dinkha II  
1332–64 
••••
Shimun II ? 
 
••••
Shimun III ?
 
••••
Eliya IV 
†1437 
••••
Shimun IV Basidi
1437–97 
Bar Mama (81)
Shimun V
1497–1502†
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya V 
1502–04 
Bar Mama (81)
Shimun VI 
1504–38 
Bar Mama (81)
Shimun VII Ishuyau 
1538–39 
Bar Mama (81)
Shimun VIII 
1551–58
Bar Mama (81)
Schism 1552 - formation of the Assyrian Church of the East and the Chaldean Catholic Church
Eliya VI bar Giwargis 
1558–91
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya VII
1591–1617
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya VIII 
1617–60†
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya IX Yukhannan Maraugin
1660–1700†
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya X Maraugin
1700–22†
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya XI Denkha
1722–78
Bar Mama (81)
Eliya XII Ishuyau 
1778–1804
Bar Mama (81)
End of patriarchate

Anti-patriarchs are in italics

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