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Patriarchs of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church

Historically, the Patriarchate of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church embraces a number of historical entities which are considered consecutive successors of the one single Church. This includes the original Bulgarian patriarchate that was transferred to Ohrid in 1018, and continued under Constantinople until 1767; the patriarchate at Turnovo; the Exarchy of Bulgaria, established in 1870; and the current patriarchate. The patriarchs have played an important role in the history of Bulgaria, and were influential in the political, cultural, and religious life of the country for centuries. In the early days of the church, the patriarch was responsible for the spiritual and administrative leadership of the church, and also for representing the church to the Byzantine government. His role eventually became political, with extensive involvement in in state affairs, and was also of great cultural importance, playing a key role in the Bulgarian national revival of the 19th century. Today, the patriarch is responsible for the spiritual and administrative leadership of the church, and for representing the church to the Bulgarian government and to other churches around the world.

The Patriarchs
Name
Tenure
Patriarchs of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church
1. Archbishops of Bulgaria
Iosif I  
870–c. 78?
••••
Georgi I
c. 878–c. 919
••••
2. Patriarchs of Bulgaria
Leontii
919–?
••••
Dimitrii I
c. 923
••••
Sergii I
c. 925?
••••
Grigorii I
?–927
••••
Damian
c. 927–c. 72
••••
German I
c. 972–c. 1000
••••
Filip
c. 1000–c. 15
••••
David
c. 1015–18
••••
Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria - Church moved from Preslav to Ohrid 1018
3. Archbishops of Ohrid
►Autocephalous, subordinate to the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
Ioan I
1018–37?
••••
Luv I
c. 1037–c. 54
••••
Teodul I
c. 1056–65
••••
Ioan II
1065–c. 78
Lampenos
Ioan III
c. 1079–84
Aoinos
Teofilakt
c. 1085–c. 1108
••••
Luv II
c. 1108–c. 20
Boungos
Mikhail
c. 1120–?
Maximos
Ioan IV
c. 1143–c. 57
Komnenos
Evstatii
c. 1159
••••
Konstantin I
c. 1160–c. 70
••••
NN
c. 1178–c. 82
••••
Ioan V
c. 1183–c. 1215
Kamateros
Dimitrii II
c. 1216–c. 34
Chomatianos
Ioanikii I
c. 1240
••••
Sergii II
c. 1250
••••
Konstantin II
c. 1254–c. 59
Kabasilas
Iakov
c. 1265
Proarkhii
Adrian
c. 1275
••••
Gennadii
c. 1285
••••
Makarii II
c. 1295–c. 99
••••
Grigorii II
c. 1317
••••
Antim I
c. 1341
Metochites
Nikolai I
c. 1347
••••
Grigorii III 
c. 1364–c. 78
••••
NN
c. 1389–94
••••
Matei 
1408–c. 11
••••
NN 
c. 1430
••••
Nikodim 
c. 1452
••••
Dorotei II 
c. 1466
••••
Marko, Patr of EPC
c. 1467
Xylokarabes
Nikolai II  
1486–c. 1502
••••
Zakharii
c. 1515
••••
Prokhor
c. 1528–50
••••
Simeon II 
1550
••••
Grigorii IV 
1551–
••••
Nikanor
–1557
••••
Paisii I
1558–66
••••
Partenii I
1566–67
••••
Sofronii
1567–c. 72
••••
Gavriil
1572–87
••••
Teodul II
1588–90
••••
Ioakim IV
1590–93
••••
Atanasii I (1)
1593–96
••••
Valaam
1596–98
••••
Nektarii I
1598–1604
••••
Atanasii I (2)
1604–14
••••
Mitrofan
1614–16
••••
Georgi II
1616–17
••••
Nektarii II
1617–c. 22
••••
Porfirii  
c. 1624
Palaiologos
Ioasaf I
c. 1628
••••
Avraamii
c. 1629–c. 34
Mesapsa
Meletii I
1637–43
••••
Khariton (1)
1643–c.. 47
••••
Daniil
c. 1647–50
••••
Khariton (2)
1651–52
••••
Dionisii I
1652–53
••••
Atanasii ll
1653–60
••••
Pafnutii
1660
••••
Ignatii II
1660–62
••••
Arsenii I
1662–c. 63
••••
Zosima I
1663–70
••••
Panaret I
1671
••••
Nektarii III
c. 1673
••••
Ignatii III
1673–c. 75
••••
Grigorii V (1)
1675–76
••••
Teofan
1676
••••
Meletii II
1676–77
••••
Partenii II
1677–83
••••
Grigorii V (2)
1683–88
••••
German II (1)
1688–90
••••
Grigorii VI
1691–93
••••
lgnatii IV
1693–95
••••
Zosima II (1)
1695–99
••••
Rafail
1699–1702
••••
German II (2)
1702–03
••••
Dionisii II (1)
1703–06
••••
Zosima II (2)
1707–08
••••
Metodii I
1708
••••
Zosima II (3)
1708–09
••••
Dionisii II (2) 
1709–14
••••
Filotei
1714–18
••••
Ioasaf II
1719–45
••••
Iosif II
1746–51
••••
Dionisii III
1751–56
••••
Metodii II
1757–58
••••
Kiril I
1759–62
••••
Ieremiia
1762–63
••••
Ananii
1763
••••
Arsenii ll
1763–67
••••
►Abolished 1767 by the Ottomans, incorporated to Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
4. Patriarchs of Bulgaria at Turnovo
Vasilii
1185–1233
••••
Ioakim I
c. 1233–46
••••
Vasilii II
1246–?
••••
Ioakim II
?–1272
••••
Ignatii I
c. 1272–c. 77
••••
Makarii I
–1291
••••
Ioakim III
1291–1300
••••
Visarion
c. 1310
••••
Dorotei I
c. 1320
••••
Roman
c. 1330
••••
Teodosii I
c. 1337
••••
Ioanikii I
c. 1340
••••
Simeon I
c. 1346
••••
Teodosii II
c. 1363
••••
Ioanikii II
c. 1370
••••
Evtimii
1375–93
••••
►Abolished 1393 by the Ottomans
5. Exarchs of Bulgaria
Ilarion II
1872
••••
Antim II
1872–77
••••
Iosif III
1877–1915
••••
Locum tenens: Stefan II, Patr of BOC (1)  
1922–34
Giorgiev
Locum tenens: Neofit  
1934–44
••••
Locum tenens: Stefan II, Patr of BOC (2)  
1944–45
Giorgiev
Stefan II  
1945–48
Giorgiev
Locum tenens: Mikhail  
1948–49
••••
Locum tenens: Paisil  
1949–51
••••
Locum tenens: Kirill, Patr of BOC  
1951–53
Markov
6. Patriarchs of Bulgaria
Kirill  
1953–71
Markov
Maxim  
1971–2012
Minkov
Neophyte
2013–; *1945
Dimitrov

BOC = Bulgarian Orthodox Church
ECP = Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople


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