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Chaldean Catholic Church: Patriarchs

The patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church is the supreme head of the church, and is elected by a synod of bishops, before being confirmed by the Pope. The position was established in 1553 after a group of Assyrian bishops from the Church of the East were dissatisfied with the leadership of their church. The first patriarch, John VIII Sulaqa, was consecrated as 'Patriarch of the Chaldeans' by Pope Julius III. The patriarch is responsible for overseeing the church's liturgical and doctrinal life, as well as its pastoral care and social outreach. He also represents the church to the Holy See and to other Christian churches. He is a significant figure in the Middle East, and plays an important role in promoting peace and understanding between Christians and Muslims. In 1724, the patriarch's title 'Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans', which was to become controversial, was adopted. In 2022, this was changed to 'Patriarch of Baghdad of the Chaldeans'. The patriarch also holds the historical titles of archbishop of Babylon, and archbishop of Baghdad. The position claims continuity with the old patriarchs of the Church of the East.

 The Patriarchs
Name
Tenure
Patriarchs of the Chaldeans
Split from the Church of the East 1552, first Chaldean patriarchate created by Pope in union with Church of Rome 1553
Yohannan VIII Sulaqa
1553–55†
••••
Audishu IV Yohannan
1555–70†?
••••
a) Abraham or
b) Shimun (Yahballah)
a) 1570–77
b) 1572–76
••••
Yahballah IV Shimun
1577–80†
••••
Shimun IX Denkha
1580–1600†
••••
Shimun X (no Papal recognition)
1600–38
••••
Shimun XI (no Papal recognition)
1638–56
••••
Shimun XII (no Papal recognition)
1656–62
••••
Shimun XIII Denkha (no Papal recognition) (Patr of the Assyrian COE 1672)
1662–72
••••
Union with Rome dissolved 1672
Second Chaldean patriarchate (Amida line) established with Papal recognition in union with Church of Rome 1681
Yosep I d'Armida
1681–96 res; †1707
••••
Yosep II Sliba Bet Maruf
1696–1712†
••••
Patriarchs of Babylon of the Chaldeans (from 1724)
Yosep III Timotheos Maraugin
1712–57†
••••
Yosep IV Hindi
1759–81 res; †1791
Hindi
Yosep V Hindi
1781–1828†
Hindi
Third Chaldean patriarchate created by Pope in union with Church of Rome 1828
Yohannan VIII Horrmizd
1830–38
Bar Mama (81)
Nicholas Eshaya
1838–47 res; †1855
Eshaya
Yosep VI Audu
1848–78†
Audu
Eliya XIII Abbolyonan
1879–94
Abbolyonan
Abdisho V Khayyath
1895–99†
Khayyath
Yosep Emmanuel II Thomas
1900–47†
Thomas
Yosep VII Ghanima
1947–58†
Ghanima
Paul II Cheikho
1958–89†
Cheikho
Raphael I Bidawid
1989–2003
Bidawid
Card Emmanuel III Delly
2003-12 ret; †2014
Delly
Patriarch of Baghdad of the Chaldeans (from 2021)
Card Louis Raphael I Sako
2013–; 1948
Sako

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