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Rulers and Statesmen of Jerusalem

Name
Tenure
Family Chart
First Settlement Early Bronze Age
Israelite Conquest 1000 BC
Assyrian Siege 701 BC (peace treaty; continued Israelite rule)
Babylonian Capture 587/586 BC- 536 BC (city destroyed)
Persian Rule 536-322 BC
Macedonian Rule 332-323 BC
Ptolemaic Rule 323-198 BC
Seleucid Rule 198-141 BC
Hasmonean Rule 141-37 BC
Roman Capture 63 BC
Parthian Capture 40 BC
Herodian Rule 37 BC- AD 70
Roman Annexation of Judea AD 6
Roman Destruction 70
Rebuilt as the Roman City Aelia Capitolina 135
Byzantine Rule 324-638
Capture by Caliph Umar 638
Umayyad Rule 660-750
Abassid Rule 750-969
Fatimid Rule 969-1099
Defender of the Holy Sepulchre
Godfroy de Bouillon (D of Lower Lorraine) 1099-1100†
Boulogne (633)
Kings and Queens of Jerusalem
Baldwin I
1100-18†
Boulogne (633)
Baldwin II
1118-31†
Rethel (175)
Melisende (jointly)
1131-52 dep; †1161
Rethel (175)
Fulk
1131-43†
Anjou (8)
Baldwin III 1143-63†
Anjou (8)
Amaury I
1163-74†
Anjou (8)
Baldwin IV (jointly 1183-85)
1174-85†
Anjou (8)
Vassal Regent
Miles of Plancy or Rohard of Jaffa (for Baldwin IV)
1174 dep
Anjou (8)
Regent
Raymond III, C of Tripoli (for Baldwin IV)
1174-77; †1187
Toulouse (407)
Baldwin V (jointly 1183-85)
1185-86
Anjou (8)
Regent
Raymond III, C of Tripoli (for Baldwin V)
1185-86; †1187
Toulouse (407)
Sibylle (jointly)
1186-90†
Anjou (8)
1186-92 dep; †1194
Lusignan (184)
Ayyubid Rule 1187-1250
Isabelle I (jointly)
1192-1205
Anjou (8)
Conrad (jointly) 1192†
Montferrat
Henri I (jointly) 1192-97†
Champagne
Amaury II (jointly) 1197-1205†
Lusignan (184)
Maria (jointly from 1210) 1205-12†
Montferrat (663)
Vassal Regent 
Jean d'Ibelin, L of Beirut (for Q Maria)
1205-10; †1236
Ibelin (150)
Jean I (Emp of Constantinople) (jointly) 1210-12; †1237
Brienne (1428)
Isabelle II (jointly from 1225) 1212-28
Brienne (1428)
Regent
Jean, Emp of Constantinople (for Isabelle II)
1212-25; †1237
Brienne (1428)
Friedrich (Friedrich II K of the Romans) 1225-28; †1250
Hohenstaufen (140)
Conrad (Conrad IV K of the Romans) 1228-54†
Hohenstaufen (140)
Regent
Friedrich II, K of the Romans (for Conrad)
1228-43; †1250
Hohenstaufen (140)
Vassal Regent 
Balian I Garnier, L of Sidon (jointly) (for Conrad)
1228

Garnier (520)

Vassal Regent 
Odo de Montbeliard (jointly) (1) (for Conrad)
1228

Montbeliard (388)

Regent*
Alice of Champagne (for Conrad)
1243-46†
Champagne (76)
Vassal Regent 
Odo de Montbeliard (2) (for Conrad)
1243
Montbeliard (388)
Egyptian Conquest 1244-49
Regent
Henry I, K of Cyprus (for Conrad)
1246-53†
Lusignan (184)
Vassal Regent 
Jean d'Ibelin, L of Arsur (1) (for Conrad)
1253-54
Ibelin (150)
Conradin (K of Sicily) 1254-68†
Hohenstaufen (140)
Vassal Regent 
Philip Chamberlain (for Conrad)
1254

••••

Vassal Regent 
Jean d'Ibelin, L of Jaffa (for Conrad)
1254-56

Ibelin (150)

Vassal Regent 
Jean d'Ibelin, L of Arsur (2) (for Conradin)
1256-58
Ibelin (150)
Regent*
Hugh II, K of Cyprus (for Conradin)
1258-67†
Lusignan (184)
Regent*
Plaisance of Antioch (for regent Hugh II of Cyprus)
1258-61†
Antioch (3515)
Vassal Regent 
Geoffrey of Sargines (for Conrad)
1261-63

••••

Regent*
Isabella of Cyprus (for regent Hugh II of Cyprus)
1263-64†
Lusignan (184)
Vassal Regent 
Geoffrey of Sargines? (for Conrad)
1264

••••

Regent*
Hugh III, K of Cyprus (for regent Hugh II of Cyprus)
1264-67; †1284
Lusignan (184)
Regent*
Hugh III, K of Cyprus (for Conradin)
1268; †1284
Lusignan (184)
Hugh (Hugh III, K of Cyprus) 1268-84†
Lusignan (184)
Jean II (K of Cyprus) 1284-85†
Lusignan (184)
Henri II (K of Cyprus) 1285-91 dep; †1324
Lusignan (184)
Mamluke Rule 1249-1516
Ottoman Rule 1516-1917
British Rule 1917-48
Transjordanian and Israeli Rule (division of East and West Jerusalem) 1948-67 
Israeli Capture of Jerusalem 1967
Disputed between Israel and Palestine 1967-present
Titular Kings and Queens of Jerusalem, and Claimants

* Conrad never went to Jerusalem to claim the throne therefore a regent was appointed in 1243. Hugh II was technically regent of Jerusalem for Conradin, but he himself was a minor, so Plaisance, Isabella and Hugh (III) were appointed 'regents for the regent'.

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