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Tibetan Buddhism: Gelug School

The Gelug School, also known as the Virtuous Tradition, and 'Yellow Hat' Buddhism, is one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. It was founded by the scholar and reformer, Tsongkhapa Lobsang Dragpa, who sought to revive and unify the teachings of the Buddha, by returning to his original teachings, to strict monastic discipline, and the study of classical Buddhist texts. The Gelug School places a strong emphasis on the study and practice of sutra and tantra, and is known for its rigorous monastic discipline. Its followers are also known for their emphasis on dialectical debate, which is seen as a way to sharpen one's understanding of Buddhist teachings. It has been the dominant school of Tibetan Buddhism since the 17th century, partly due to the patronage of the Dalai Lamas. Its headquarters are at Ganden Monastery, located in Lhasa, Tibet.

Office Holders
Name
Tenure
Dalai Lamas see China
Panchen Lamas
Title created by the Dalai Lama for emanation of Amitabha 1642
1 Khedrup Gelek Palsang*
1385–1438†
••••
2 Sonam Choekyi Lanpo*
1439–1504†
••••
3 Lobsang Dhondup*
1505–66†
••••
4 Lobsang Choekyi Gyaltsen
1570–1662†
••••
5 Lobsang Yeshi
1663–1737†
••••
6 Lobsang Palden Yeshi
1738–80†
••••
7 Lobsang Tenpel Nyima
1782–1853†
••••
8 Lobsang Tenpal Wangchuk
1855–82†
••••
9 Lobsang Choekyi Nyima
1883–1937†
••••
10 Lobsang Choekyi Gyaltsen
1938–89†
••••
Schism 1989
11 Gedhun Choekyi Nyima
1989–
••••
11 Gyaincain Norbu (China rival)
1990–
••••
Tatsak Jedrungs
Title created 1606 for reincarnation of Baso Chokyi Gyeltsen
1 Baso Chokyi Gyeltsen*
1402–73†
••••
2 Wonpo Lhakyab*
1474–1508†
••••
3 Liyul Chogyel**
1509–26†
••••
4 Lhawang Chokyi Gyeltsen*
1537–1603†
••••
5 Ngawang Chokyi Wangchuk
1606–52†
••••
6 Ngawang Konchok Nyima
1653–03/07†
••••
7 Lobzang Pelden Gyeltsen
1708–58†
••••
8 Yeshe Tenpai Gonpo (Reg of Tibet)
1760–1810†
••••
9 Ngawang Lobzang Tenpai Gyeltsen
1811–48†
••••
10 Ngawang Pelden Chokyi (Reg of Tibet)
1850–86†
••••
11 Ngawang Tubten Kelzang Tenpai Dronme
1888–1918
••••
12 Lobzang Tubten Jigme Gyeltsen
1924–1956
••••
Schism 1989
13 Lobzang Yeshe Jampal (conf. Kundeling Labrang)
1959–
••••
13 Tenzin Chokyi Gyaltsen (conf. Dalai Lama)
1983–
••••

Notes

* Posthumous

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