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Masters of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order
Spiritual Pedigree

The Naqshbandi Sufi order is one of the largest and most prominent Sufi orders in the world, with branches in over 150 countries. Founded by Bahauddin Naqshband (d. 1389) in Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan, the order traces its origins to the Prophet Muhammad through a secret spiritual chain (silsila). The Naqshbandi order is known for its emphasis on inner purification (tazkiya), the remembrance of God (dhikr), and the spiritual guidance of a master (murshid). The order spread rapidly throughout Central Asia and the Middle East in the 15th century, becoming one of the most influential Sufi orders by the 16th century. This rapid spread can be attributed to several factors, including the order's emphasis on practical spirituality, its appeal to both scholars and common people, and its patronage by influential figures such as the Mughal rulers of India. The Mujaddidi branch of the order was founded by Ahmad Sirhindi (d. 1624). The order continued to spread throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, reaching North Africa and the Ottoman Empire. In the Ottoman Empire, the order was adopted by the Janissary corps, the elite military force of the Ottoman army. In the 20th century, the Naqshbandi order experienced a revival under the leadership of Abdullah al-Harari (d. 1969), a scholar and mystic from Syria. Harari is known for his efforts to modernise the Naqshbandi order and make it more accessible to a wider audience.

                                                                      Muhammad
                                                                    the Prophet
                                                                        †633
                                                              ____________|__________
                                                             |                       |
                                                             ▼                       ▼
                                                        'Ali bin                  Abu Bakr
                                                        abi Talib                al-Siddiq
                                                           †661*                   †634
                                                _____________|____________           |
                                               |               |          |          |
                                               ▼               ▼          ▼          ▼
                                             Hasan          Husayn ◄--- Hasan     Salman
                                           al-Basri          †680*      †669*    al-Farisi
                                             †728              |                   †655
                                               |               |                     |
                                               ▼               ▼                     ▼
                                             Habib           Zayn                  Qasim
                                           al-'Ajami      al-'Abidin           bin Muhammad
                                             †738            †765*                 †727
                                               |               |                     |
                                               ▼               ▼                     ▼
                                             Da'ud          Muhammad -----------► Ja'far
                                             al-Tai         al-Baqir             al-Sadiq
                                              †780           †731*                 †765*
                                               |                               ______|_____
                                               |                              |            |
                                               ▼                              ▼            ▼
                                            Ma'ruf  ◄--------------┐        Musa       Abu Yazid
                                           al-Karkhi               |      al-Kazim    al-Bistami
                                             †815                  |        †799*        †875
                                               |                   |          |
                                               ▼                   |          ▼
                                             Sari                  └------  'Ali
                                           al-Saqati                      bin Musa
                                             †867                          al-Rida
                                               |                            †818*
                                               ▼
                                            Junayd
                                          al-Baghdadi
                                             †910
                                     __________|__________
                                    |                     |
                                    ▼                     ▼
                                 Abu Bakr              Abu 'Ali
                                  Shibli              al-Rudbari
                                   †945                   |
                                    |                     |
                                    ▼                     ▼
                               Abu'l-Qasim             Abu 'Ali
                               al-Nasrabadi            al-Katib
                                  †982                    |
                                    |                     |
                                    ▼                     ▼
                                 Abu 'Ali              'Uthman
                                al-Daqqaq            al-Maghribi
                                  †1014                 †983
                                    |                     |
                                    ▼                     ▼
                               Abu'l-Qasim          Abu al-Qasim
                               al-Qushayri           al-Gurgani
                                  †1072                 †1076
                                    |                     |
                                    |                     |
                                    └----►  Abu 'Ali ◄----┘
                                           al-Farmadi
                                             †1084
                                       ________|_______
                                      |                |
                                      ▼                ▼
                                  Abu Hamid          Yusuf
                                 al-Ghazzali        Hamadani
                                    †1111            †1140
                                                       |
                                                       ▼
                                                 'Abdulkhaliq -------┐
                                                  Ghujduvani         |
                                                     †1179           |
                                                       |             |
                                                       ▼             |
                                                     'Arif           |
                                                    Riwgari          |
                                                     †1219           |
                                                       |             |
                                                       ▼             |
                                                 Mahmud Anjir        |
                                                   Faghnawi          |
                                                     †1317           |
                                                       |             |
                                                       ▼             |
                                                     'Ali            |
                                                   Rametani          |
                                                    †1321            |
                                                       |             |
                                                       ▼             |
                                                    Muhammad         |
                                                  Baba Sammasi       |
                                                     †1354           |
                                                       |             |
                                                       ▼             |
                                                   Amir Kulal        |
                                                     †1370           |
                                                       |             |
                                                       ▼             |
                                                  Baha'uddin ◄-------┘
                                                   Naqshband
                                                     †1389
                                          _____________|____________
                                         |                          |
                                         ▼                          ▼
                                    'Ala'uddin                  Muhammad
                                      'Attar                      Parsa
                                       †1400                      †1420
                                         |                          |
                                         ▼                          ▼
                                      Ya'qub                    Nizamuddin
                                      Charkhi                       |
                                       †1447                        |
                                         |                          |
                                         ▼                          ▼
                                    'Ubaydullah ---------┐      Sa'duddin
                                       Ahrar             |      Kashghari
                                       †1490             |        †1456
                                 ________|______         |          |
                                |               |        |          |
                                ▼               ▼        |          |
                          Yusuf Husayn       Muhammad    └---► 'Abdurrahman
                            al-Wa'iz      Zahid Wakhshi            Jami
                           al-Kashifi         †1529               †1492
                             †1532              |                   |
                                                |                   ▼
                                                ▼           (nine generations
                                             Darwish        of living shaykhs)
                                             Muhammad               |
                                              †1562                 ▼
                                                |               Faqirullah
                                                ▼               Shikapuri
                                             Muhammad             †1781
                                             Amkanagi
                                              †1600
                                                |
                                                ▼
                                             Muhammad
                                            Baqibillah
                                              †1603                                    
                                                |
                                                |      MUJADDIDI
                                                ▼
                                              Ahmad
                                            Sirhindi
                                              †1624
                                      __________|________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                     |                                                               |                                           |
                                     ▼                                                               ▼                                           ▼
                                  Muhammad    ┌-------------------------------------------------- Muhammad                                      Adam
                                   Sa'id      |                                                   Ma'sum                                      Banuri
                                   †1660      |                                                    †1668                                       †1643
                                     |        |                          ____________________________|____________________________               |
                                     |        |                         |             |                                           |              |
                                     ▼        |                         ▼             ▼                                           ▼              ▼ 
                                'Abdulahad ◄--┘                     Sayfuddin     Muhammad                                   Hujjatullah     Sa'dullah
                                   †1715                              †1684        Muhsin                                     Naqshband          |
                      _______________|______________                    |         †1734/5                                       †1702            |
                     |               |              |                   |             |                                           |              |
                     ▼               ▼              ▼                   ▼             |                                           ▼              ▼
                Khwaja Hanif       Shah          Muhammad  ◄--┐   Nur Muhammad        |                                        Muhammad       Muhammad
                   †1720         Sa'dullah    'Abid Sunnami   |     Bada'uni          |                                         Zubayr      Sa'id Lahuri
                     |            Gulshan         †1747       |       †1723           |                                         †1740          †1753
                     |             †1728                      |         |             |                                           |              |
                     |               |                        |         |             |                                           |              |
                     ▼               ▼                        |         ▼             |                                           ▼              ▼
                Khwaja Zaki    Muhammad Nasir                 └--- Mirza Mazhar ◄-----┘                                         Shah          Muhammad
                   †1730         'Andalib                          Jani-i janan                                               Qutbuddin        Mas'ud
                     |             †1759                              †1781                                                     †1766         Peshawari
                     |               |                     _____________|____________                                             |              |
                     |               |                    |             |            |                                            |              |
                     ▼               ▼                    ▼             ▼            ▼                                            ▼              ▼
                  Shaykh         Mir Dard                Qadi        Ghulam      Na'imullah                                     Shah         Faqirullah
                 Muhammad          †1785             Thana'ullah    'Ali Shah    Bahra'ichi                                  Jamalullah      Shikarpuri
                   †1737                              Panipati        †1824        †1803                                        †1794          †1781
                     |                                  †1810           |                                                         |
                     |                         _________________________|_____________________                                    |
                     |                        |                                   |           |                                   |
                     ▼                        ▼                                   ▼           ▼                                   ▼
                Khwaja Zaman               Ghulam                             Abu Sa'id    Khalid                            Khwaja 'Isa
                   †1775                  Muyhiddin                           Mujaddidi     Kurdi                               †1806 
                     |                      Qusuri                              †1835       †1827                                 |
                     |                      †1854             ____________________|_________________                              |
                     |                        |              |              |                       |                             |
                     ▼                        ▼              ▼              ▼                       ▼                             ▼
                Ahmad Sindi                Ghulam       Ahmad Sa'id    Abu'l-Khayr              Muhammad                      Fyadullah
                   †1808                 Nabilillahi       †1860         Dihlawi                 Sharif                         Tirahi 
                     |                      †1888            |            †1924                 Qandahari                       †1829
                     |                                _______|______                              †1867                           |
                     |                               |              |                               |                             |
                     ▼                               ▼              ▼                               ▼                             ▼ 
                Shah Husayn                    Dost Muhammad    Muhammad                       Mahmud Shah                  Nur Muhammad 
                   †1809                         Qandahari        'Umar                           †1888                        Churahi
                     |                             †1868          †1880              _______________|_____________              †1869
                     |                               |              |               |               |             |               |
                     ▼                               ▼              ▼               ▼               ▼             ▼               ▼
                 Imam 'Ali                       Muhammad      Abu'l-Kloyr    'Abdulkhaliq    Qadir Bakhsh    Anwar 'Ali        Faqir
                    Shah                          'Uthman        Dihlawi          †1931           †1857         †1921         Muhammad 
                   †1865                           †1896          †1924                             |                          Churahi 
                     |                               |                                              |                           †1897
                     |                        _______|______                                        |               ______________|______________
                     |                       |              |                                       |              |              |              |
                     ▼                       ▼              ▼                                       ▼              ▼              ▼              ▼
                   Sadiq               'Abdurrahman     Sirajuddin                               Tawakkul       Jama'at     'Abdulkarim    Jama'at 'Ali
                 'Ali Shah             Bahadur Kilmi      †1915                               Shah Anbalawi    'Ali Shah        †1936      Shah La Thani 
                   †1900                   †1922            |                                     †1897          †1951                         †1939 
                     |                               _______|_______                                |
                     |                              |               |                               | 
                     ▼                              ▼               ▼                               ▼ 
                 Amiruddin                     Abu'l-Sa'id    Muhammad Fadl                   Mahbub 'Alam
                   †1912                       Ahmad Khan       'Ali Shah                         †1917 
                     |                            †1941           †1935 
                     |                                              |
                     ▼                                              ▼
               Sher Muhammad                                  Muhammad Sa'id 
                 Sharaqpuri                                      Qurayshi  
                   †1928                                          †1944      
     ________________|________________                              |
    |                |                |                             |
    ▼                ▼                ▼                             ▼
Nurulhasan       Muhammad      Muhammad Isma'il                  Zawwar
  †1952       'Umar Birbali       Kirmanwali                     Husayn 
                   †1967            †1966                         †1980
                                                                    |
                                                                    ▼
                                                                 Ghulam
                                                               Mustafa Khan

 


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