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The State of Palestine is a sovereign entity recognised by a majority of the United Nations member states, though not universally acknowledged. It comprises two non-contiguous territories: the West Bank, which is predominantly inhabited by Palestinians and administered by the Palestinian Authority, and the Gaza Strip, governed by the militant group Hamas. Palestine seeks full statehood with East Jerusalem as its capital, a status that has been at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for decades. Despite intermittent peace efforts and negotiations, issues such as borders, settlements, security, and the right of return for Palestinian refugees remain unresolved, perpetuating tensions and hindering the prospects for lasting peace in the region. Geographically, the State of Palestine is situated in the Eastern Mediterranean region of the Middle East. The West Bank is located to the east of Israel, bordered by the Jordan River to the east, while the Gaza Strip lies along the Mediterranean coastline, sharing borders with Israel and Egypt. The topography of the West Bank varies from mountainous terrain in the north to fertile valleys and desert in the south. In contrast, the Gaza Strip is largely flat and densely populated, with limited natural resources. The climate across both territories is predominantly Mediterranean, characterised by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Despite challenges posed by political conflict and resource scarcity, agriculture, particularly in the West Bank, plays a significant role in the economy.

Location: eastern Mediterranean region, bordered by Israel to the east and north, Egypt to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.

  Rulers, Statesmen, and Titleholders
  Orders, Honours, and Decorations

Flags of Palestine


National Flag

Maps of


West Bank


Gaza Strip



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