Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour, 1880[H77]
Commander of the Legion of Honour, 1877[H77]


French composer[H46]
Studied at the Conservatoire, and in Rome. On his return to Paris he was for a time organist of the church of the Missions Étrangères where his earliest compositions, chiefly polyphonic in style, were performed; one of them, a Messe solennelle, brought him into notice. His first opera, Sapho, was produced in 1851, and La nonne sanglante in 1854. His comic opera, Le Médecin malgré lui (1858) was a great success; in 1859 Faust raised its composer to the foremost rank. Philémon et Baucis followed in 1860; in 1862, La Reine de Saba (or Irène); in 1864, Mireille; in 1867, Romeo et Juliette. He also published masses, hymns and anthems, and was popular as a song-writer. His oratorio The Redemption, was produced at the Birmingham Festival in 1882; its sequel, Mors et Vita, at Brussels in 1886. He fled to England during the Franco-Prussian war (1870). He was a member of the Institute (1866).[H46]

Place of birth: Paris[H46]
Place of death: St Cloud[H46]



Families | Lands | Abbr. and Symbols | Sources

© 2024 The Universal Compendium