Muhammad Ibrahim, Asad Khan
Asaf-ud Daula Jumla-ul Mulk
Amir-ul Umara 1701
Masnad-i wasarat 1687
'Arz Waqai Subajat 1655
Khan was very early noticed by Shah Jahan, who married him to a daughter
of his wazir Asaf Khan.
In 1673 he was sent with Prince Akbar to
suppress the Afghans, and in 1681/82 he was sent with Prince Azim-uddin
to check Rathor activities. His other military activities include: conquest
of the Nandial fort in 1690; siege of Wakankhera in
1692-93; siege of the Jinji fort in
commanding the Mughal troops at the siege of the Khelna fort in 1701.
his career, Asad Khan was awarded the following ranks: 1000 zat in 1600;
1500/1600 in 1653, 2000/600 in 1655; 2000/800 in 1657; 3000/1500 in 1658;
3500/2500 in 1659; 4000/2500 in 1663; 4000/3800 in 1664; 7000/7000 in
1688, the highest rank for a noble.
After his son Zulfiqar
Khan was executed, the new emperor Farrukh-siyar
paraded his mangled body in his triumphal procession and
Asad Khan, along with members of his family, were forced to attend.
Asad Khan, now disgraced
and with his estates seized, hoped to make peace
with the new emperor, so he persuaded his son to visit him. and had thus
put him in his power, with tears in his eyes wrote the following chronogram
on his death: 'Abraham sacrificed Ishmael'. After that period, he lived
upon a scanty pension in a sort of confinement, but much respected by
all ranks. He was buried with great funeral pomp at the expense of the
emperor, in a mausoleum, erected by his father for the family.
1. W. Irvine; S. Jadunath. Later Mughals, Vol. 1, 1707-1720. Calcutta:
M. C. Sarkar and Sons; London: Luzac & Co., 1922.
2. H.G. Keene. An Oriental Biographical Dictionary Founded on Materials
Collected by Thomas William Beale. London: W. H. Allen & Co., Limited,
3. M. Afzal Khan, 1987. Iranian Nobility Under Shahjahan and Aurangzeb.
Thesis. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.