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Ernst Fleischl
Edler von Marxow


A physiologist and physician, Fleischl first studied mathematics, physics and chemistry before turning to medicine.  In 1870 he received his doctorate, and was appointed associate professor in 1880.  An infection of the hand hampered his work output, but he still managed to complete a large number of works and he ranks amongst the best physiologists of his time.  He specialised in nerve and muscular physiology, and physiological optics. He adapted the capillary electrometer for physiological experiments, and his haemometer for determining the haemoglobin content in the blood was widely used.  He was made a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 1887.[1]

Place of birth: Vienna[1]
Place of death: Vienna[1]




1. Neue Deutsche Biographie, band 5. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1961.

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