Baron Raimund von Stillfried (1839–1911)

Von Stillfried was an Austrian photographer and painter. Born in Komotau, Bohemia, he studied at the Marien-Akademie in Trieste, where he received painting lessons from Bernhard Fiedler. Afterwards, he gained a cadetship in the army and went to Linz in 1856 where he studied drawing under Joseph Maria Kaiser. He quit the military in 1863 and travelled to South America, China, and Japan. Between 1865 and 1867, he joined the volunteer forces of Emperor Maximilian in Mexico before returning to Austria briefly, and then returning to Japan. He opened a photographic supply shop in Tokyo in 1970, and took lessons in photography from Felice Beato. In 1871, he established the photographic studio Stillfried & Co. (later Stillfried & Andersen) in Yokohama, which was to become the most successful studio in Japan for the next decade. He soon took over Beato's studio. Von Stillfried specialised in photographs that dealt with traditional Japanese folk culture, and is best known for his hand-tinted costumes of generic Japanese types. He also undertook landscape and outdoor photography. He held numerous international exhibitions, and travelled extensively, and is considered one of the most important travel photographers of the 19th century. In 1875, he was named court photographer in Vienna after his involvement in recording the transit of Venus in Japan. Von Stillfried also worked as a restorer and painter of interiors; he worked on the interior of St Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna in 1898. He died in Vienna.









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