Clément Maurice (1853–1933)
A Paris photographer,
camera operator and the first cinema manager, Maurice was born at Aiguillon
and worked at the Lumière photographic factory at Monplaisir. He became
a friend of Antoine Lumière and his sons, who were to influence his
career in cinematography. He was also acquainted with Méliès and met
with him often. Maurice later had his own shop which was next to George
Méliès Robert Houdin theatre. He started the first Lumière Cinématographe
screenings at the Grand Café in 1895 and continued to manage these for
some time. He also worked as a camera operator for the surgeon Eugène-Louis
Doyen who filmed his own operations. In 1898, he was awarded first prize
at the world's first competition held in Monaco for his film Monaco
vivant par les appareils cinématographiques. With Henri Lioret,
he devised the Phono-Cinéma-Théâtre in 1900 at the Paris Exposition.
As a photographer, he specialised in portraits, particularly of theatre,
ballet, and opera stars. Maurice died at Sanary-sur-Mer.