Carta marina et descriptio septemtrionalium terrarum

Olaus Mangus produced his Carta marina, in 1539, a map of the lands of the north, which included the area from the south coast of Greenland to the Russian coasts of the Baltic, including Iceland, the northern isles, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Finland. In this map we have the first general, fairly definite representation of the North, surpassing every attempt contained in the Ptolemaic editions. The work was regarded for a long time as lost, and a single copy, procured in the sixteenth century and preserved in the Royal and National library, Munich, was only found in 1886 by Oscar Brenner. The Munich University library has a rough copy done by hand. Niccolò Zeno, the younger, in 1558, used the exact data given by the map to publish an account of a northern journey supposed to have been undertaken by his ancestors in 1400. This work created a sensation, and not until some time later recognised as a fiction. Sebastian Münster, Gastaldi, and Ortelius also turned the map to good account. The first-known edition, known as the Munich copy, was printed in Venice from woodcut blocks, and is in nine leafs. It remained in production for twelve years. There is a second-known edition known as the Uppsala copy, held at the Uppsala University Library. The map was engraved in Rome in 1572 from copper-plate. Some reprints were later coloured by other hands.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Olaus Magnus