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Masters (Qutbs) of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order

A sub branch of the Qadiri order, the Nimatullahi order was established by Shah Nimatullah Wali Kirmani by the end of the fourteenth century. It was mainly an order based in Persia with the majority of followers being Persian until it attained a global following, particularly through the efforts of master Javad Nurbakhsh. It is now one of the largest Sufi Shi'i orders, with numerous khaniqas present in North America, Europe, Africa, and Australia.
The order transferred to India in the fifteenth century and remained there for the next 350 years until it was reintroduced in Persia by
Ma'sum 'Ali Shah in the eighteenth century. After the death of the master Majdhub ‘Ali Shah, the Kawthariyya and Shamsiyya branches split off from the main order. Another split occurred after the death of master Rahmat ‘Ali Shah in 1861 where the order divided into three chains: the Gonabadi-Ni'matullahi (the main and largest), the Safi 'Ali Shahi-Ni'matullahi, and the Munawar 'Ali Shahi.

 
# Name Tenure
Family Chart
1 Shah Nimatullah Wali Kirmani 1430†
Nimatullah (4992)
2 Shah Khalilullah I 1430–55†
Nimatullah (4992)
3 Shah Habib al-Din Muhibbullah I 1455–1508†
Nimatullah (4992)
4 Shah Kamal al-Din Atiyyatullah 1502–?
Nimatullah (4992)
5 Mir Shah Burhan al-Din Khalilullah II ?–1518†
Nimatullah (4992)
6 Mir Shah Shams al-Din Muhammad I 1518-?
Nimatullah (4992)
7 Shah Habib al-Din Muhibbullah II ? 
Nimatullah (4992)
8 Mir Shah Shams al-Din Muhammad II ?
Nimatullah (4992)
9 Mir Kamal al-Din Atiyyatullah II ?
Nimatullah (4992)
10 Mir Shah Shams al-Din Muhammad III ?
Nimatullah (4992)
11 Mir Mahmud Dakani (Deccani) ?–1689†
Dakani (4978)
12 Shams al-Din Dakani 16891748†
Dakani (4978)
13 Shah 'Ali Rida Dakani 17481801†
Dakani (4978)
14 Sayyid Ma'sum 'Ali Shah Dakani –1797†
••••
15 Nur 'Ali Shah –1797†
••••
16 Husayn ‘Ali Shah¹ 1799–1817/18†
••••
17 Majdhub ‘Ali Shah 1817/18–1823†
••••
18 Mast ‘Ali Shah (Zayn al-'Abidin Shirvani)¹ 1823–1853†
••••
19 Rahmat ‘Ali Shah 1853–1861†
••••
20 Munawwar ‘Ali Shah (Hajj Muhammad) (Hajji Aqa Muhammad) 1861–1884†
••••
21 Wafa ‘Ali Shah (Hajji 'Ali Aqa Dhu 'l-Riyasatayn) 1884–1918†
••••
22 Sadiq ‘Ali Shah (Sayyid Isma'il Ujaq) 19181922
••••
23 Munis ‘Ali Shah (Hajji Mirza 'Abd al-Husayn Dhu 'l-Riyasatayn) 1922–1953
••••
24 Nur ‘Ali Shah II (Javad Nurbakhsh) 1953–2008
••••
25 Reza ‘Ali Shah (Alireza Nurbakhsh) 2008
••••


Notes


1.
His right to succession was disputed.

Sources

1. L. Lewisohn. An Introduction to the History of Modern Persian Sufism, Part I: The Ni'matullahi Order: Persecution, Revival and Schism. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Vol. 61, No. 3, 1998, pp. 437-464.
2. J. Nurbakhsh (12/10/1926 – 10/10/2008). The Nimatullahi Sufi Order: Vancouver Sufi Center, 2016.

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