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Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia
Principe di Napoli

Other names: Vittorio Emanuele Alberto Carlo Teodoro Umberto Bonifacio Amedeo Damiano Bernardino Gennaro Maria


'Vittorio Emanuele IV, King of Italy' (self-proclaimed) 1969–
Principe di Napoli
Head of the House of Savoy 1983–
Titular King of Sardinia 1983–
Titular King of Cyprus 1983–
Titular King of Jerusalem 1983–
Titular King of Armenia 1983–
Titular 26th Duca di Savoia 1983–
Prince of the Holy Roman Empire
Duca d'Aosta 1983–
Duca di Genova 1983–
Duca del Monferrato 1983–
Duca di Piacenza 1983–
Duca del Chiablese 1983–
Principe di Carignano 1983–
Principe of Achaia 1983–
Principe di Piemonte 1983–
Principe di Oneglia 1983–
Principe di Poirino 1983–
Principe di Trino 1983–
Principe di Carmagnola 1983–
Principe di Montmélian 1983–
Principe di Arbin 1983–
P principe di Francin 1983–
Principe di Masserano 1983–
Principe di Crescentino 1983–
Principe di Dronero 1983–
Principe di Chieri 1983–
Principe di Riva 1983–
Principe di Banna 1983–
Principe di Bene 1983–
Principe di Bra 1983–
Principe di Busca 1983–
Principe balì del ducato d'Aosta 1983–
Principe della Cisterna 1983–
Principe di Belriguardo 1983–
Marchese in Italia 1983–
Marchese di Susa 1983–
Marchese d'Ivrea 1983–
Marchese di Saluzzo 1983–
Marchese di Ceva 1983–
Marchese di Maro 1983–
Marchese di Cesena 1983–
Marchese di Savona 1983–
Marchese di Tarantaise 1983–
Marchese di Borgomanero 1983–
Marchese di Cureggio 1983–
Marchese di Oristano 1983–
Marchese di Casella 1983–
Marchese di Rivoli 1983–
Marchese di Pianezza 1983–
Marchese di Govone 1983–
Marchese di Salussola 1983–
Marchese di Racconigi 1983–
Marchese di Migliabruna 1983–
Marchese di Motturone 1983–
Marchese di Cavallermaggiore 1983–
Marchese di Marene 1983–
Marchese di Modane 1983–
Marchese di Lanslebourg 1983–
Marchese di Livorno Ferraris 1983–
Marchese di Santhià 1983–
Marchese di Agliè 1983–
Marchese di Centalli 1983–
Marchese di Demonte 1983–
Marchese di Desana 1983–
Marchese di Ghemme 1983–
Marchese di Vigone 1983–
Marchese di Villafranca 1983–
Marchese di Roccavaione 1983–
Marchese di Peveragno 1983–
Marchese di Boves 1983–
Marchese di Voghera 1983–
Conte di Torino 1983–
Conte di Asti 1983–
Conte di Moriana 1983–
Conte di Barge 1983–
Conte di Villafranca 1983–
Conte di Nizza 1983–
Conte di Tenda 1983–
Conte di Ginevra 1983–
Conte di Bairo 1983–
Conte di Oregno 1983–
Conte di Alessandria 1983–
Conte di Novara 1983–
Conte di Romont 1983–
Conte di Tortona 1983–
Conte di Bobbio 1983–
Conte di Soissons 1983–
Conte di Sant'Antioco 1983–
Conte di Pollenzo 1983–
Conte di Roccabruna 1983–
Conte di Tricerro 1983–
Conte di Bairo 1983–
Conte di Ozegna 1983–
Conte del Goceano 1983–
Conte dell'Apertole 1983–
Conte di Sarre 1983–
Conte di Vigevano 1983–
Conte di Noyon 1983–
Conte di Belley 1983–
Conte di Salmorence 1983–
Conte d'Oirado 1983–
Conte di Bredulo 1983–
Conte di Albenga 1983–
Conte di Moncalieri 1983–
Conte di Valence 1983–
Conte di Die 1983–
Earl of Richmond 1983–
Conte di Ponderano 1983–
Count (French Empire) 1983–
Vicomte de Chambéry 1983–
Barone di Faucigny 1983–
Barone del Vaud 1983–
Barone di Varisella 1983–
Alto signore di Monaco 1983–
Alto signore di Roccabruna 1983–
Alto signore of half of Mentone 1983–
ignore di Vercelli 1983–
Signore di Pinerolo 1983–
Signore della Lomellina 1983–
Signore della Valsesia 1983–
Signore d'Arvillars 1983–
Signore di Mulette 1983–
Seigneur de Chambéry 1983–
Signore di Collegno 1983–
Signore di Bernezzo 1983–
Signore di Altezzano 1983–
Signore di Genola 1983–
Signore di Pancalieri 1983–
Signore di Covorre 1983–
Signore di Bugey 1983–
Signore di Cornillon 1983–
ignore di Coligny 1983–
Signore di Meudon 1983–
Signore di Villanova 1983–
Signore di Chillon 1983–
Signore di Bard 1983–
Signore di Crest 1983–
Signore di Chamasson 1983–
Signore di Corcelle 1983–
Signore di Boon, 1983–
Signore di Balme 1983–
Signore di Cluse 1983–
Signore di Montagny 1983–
Signore di Grospurg 1983–
Signore di Bressa 1983–
Signore di Bougé 1983–
Signore di Seysse 1983–
Signore d'Egle 1983–
Signore d'Aubonne 1983–
Signore di Vingel 1983–
Signore d'Arlod 1983–
Signore di Gruyères 1983–
Signore di Vevey 1983–
Signore di Port Valeys 1983–
Signore di Corbiène 1983–
Signore di Tegerone 1983–
Signore di Ponto in Ogo 1983–
Signore di Torre del Pino 1983–
Signore di Talavier 1983–
Signore di Clées 1983–
Signore di Baleyson 1983–
Signore di Lanzin 1983–
Signore di Belmont 1983–
Signore di Arcanciel 1983–
Signore di Yllens 1983–
Signore di Charosse 1983–
Signore di Dorches 1983–
Signore di Cronay 1983–
Signore di Palesiex 1983–
Noble of Venice
Patrician of Venice
Patrician of Ferrara
Head and Sovereign of the Holy Order of the Annunciation 1983–
Grand Master of the Military orders of Saints Maurice and Lazarus 1983–
Grand Master of the Royal Order of Savoy 1983–
Grand Cross of the Order of the Saviour
Grand Cross of the Order of Karageorgevic [YUG]
Grand Cross of the Order of Our Lady of the Conception of Villa Viçosa
Knight of the Order of St Stanislaus
Knight of the Order of St Andrew
Knight of the Order of St Alexander
Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [VAT]
Bailiff Grand Cross of the Constantinian Order of St George

Vittorio Emanuele resided in Switzerland afar his family's exile from Italy, but returned in 2002 after the abolition of the law which banned male members of the former royal family from entering the country. A controversial figure, he refused to apologise for the racial laws enacted in Italy by his father, but changed his position in 2002 after the law concerning the family's exile was lifted and he swore allegiance to the Republic in writing. In 1978 whilst at Corsica, he fired some gunshots, with one striking a German student in a nearby boat who died months later. In 1991 he was acquitted of manslaughter, but sentenced to probation for carrying an illegal firearm. In 1981 Vittorio Emanuele's name appeared amongst the presumed members of Licio Gelli's P2 Masonic lodge. In 2006 he was arrested and held in jail for seven days at Potenza under the charge of corruption and exploitation of prostitution. He was acquitted in 2015 and was paid compensation.

Vittorio Emanuele's claim as heir to his father, King Umberto II, has been the subject of a long dispute. His opponents believe that he had lost his future rights as head of the Royal House of Savoy, as heir to the throne of Italy, and to all other dynastic and noble titles after his marriage to the commoner, Marina Ricolfi Doria, in 1970, which did not receive royal approval from his father. They argue that dynastic laws of 1780 stipulate that princes of the blood require prior consent from the sovereign to marry, and that a morganatic union entered into without such consent will result in both the contracting parties and their descendants being deemed to have forfeited all honours, rank, possessions, and rights to the royal succession. They accept the claims of his cousin, Amedeo di Savoia, Duke of Aosta, as the heir of King Umberto II. They argue that marrying Marina without the consent of his father would have affected his hereditary rights, therefore Vittorio Emanuele declared by 'royal decree', issued in December 1969, that he had succeed to the throne of Italy as 'Vittorio Emanuele IV', as Head of the House of Savoy, with all other honours and titles, thus deposing his father. He claimed that he had succeeded his father due to his abdication in 1946. The dynastic laws governing marriages applied only to princes and not kings, and as 'king', these laws would not affect him. This was followed by another decree issued the next day creating Marina, duchessa di Sant'Anna di Valdieri. The couple married in the following month. Umberto II never created Vittorio Emanuele 'prince of Piedmont', the usual title given to the heir of the royal house. He did grant Vittorio Emanuele's wife, Marina, the title of 'marchesa'. Vittorio Emanuele elevated her to the title of 'Duchess of Savoy' in 1984.

Following the scandals surrounding Vittorio Emanuele, supporters of Amedeo declared the Duke to be the rightful heir of the House of Savoy in 2006, and Amedeo assumed the title of Duke of Savoy. A court ruling in 2010 declared that only Vittorio Emanuele could use the title, but Amedeo never accepted the ruling. The dispute was further intensified when Vittorio Emanuele announced that he abolished male primogeniture, given that his son had no male heir, thus depriving Amedeo's family who would have been next in line to succeed. This was announced via a 'royal decree' issued by Vittorio Emanuele in 2019, which declared the revocation of Salic Law which had limited the inheritance of the throne of Italy to males only, allowing his granddaughters to succeed to the Savoyan claim. Also, it granted various dynastic titles to his granddaughters. His opponents declared the decree as having no validity nor legal basis, and also pointed out that Salic Law concerned the succession of the throne not the dynastic laws of the royal house itself. Aimone di Savoia-Aosta, who succeeded his father, Amedeo, after his death in 2021, dismissed Victor Emmanuel's intention to abolish male primogeniture.

Place of birth: Naples
Place of marriage: Las Vegas (civil); Teheran (religious)

Son of King Umberto II of Italy and Princess Marie José of Belgium (Saxe-Coburg). He married Marina Ricolfi Doria (*1935) in 1970, and had issue.



1. La scheda di Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia. Corriere della Sera, 16 June 2006.
Società Genealogica Italiana. Enciclopedia Genealogica del Mediterraneo. 2005–2018.
3. Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia vince contro lo Stato italiano: risarcito di 40mila euro per l’arresto del 2006. Oggi, 23 February 2015.

4. Stephane Linning. King Felipe of Spain's cousin the Duke of Aosta dies at 77. Daily Mail, 4 June 2021.
5. Andrea Borella. L'annuncio di Vittorio Emanuele circa il mutamento delle leggi dinastiche di Casa Savoia e l'abolizione della Legge Salica: brevissime considerazioni di diritto dinastico sabaudo. Annuario della Nobiltà italiana. 15 January 2020.
6. Andrea Borella. Annuario della nobiltà italiana, Anno. XXXVIII, volumi I–II, 2015–2020. Teglio (SO): Annuario della Nobiltà italiana foundation trust.

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