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Royal Genealogy

Tommaso di Savoia
1st Principe di Carignano
(1596-1656)


Other Titles and Honours

Marchese di Carignano, 1621[4]
Marchese di Busca, 1620[1]
Marquis de Châtelard en Bauges[2]
Conte di Racconigi, 1620[1]
Conte di Villafranca Piemonte, 1620[1]
Signore di Cavallermaggiore, 1620[1]
Signore di Caselle, 1620[1]
Signore di Roaschia, 1620[1]
Signore di Roccavione, 1620[1]
Signore di Vigone, 1620[1]
Signore di Barge, 1620[1]
Seigneur de Rochemont[2]
Knight of the Order of the Holy Annunciation (Italy)[2]

Positions Held

Grand Master of France, 1664[3]
General of the French Armies in Italy[2]

Main Events


Tommaso first assumed arms under his father, who was one of the most eminent soldiers of his time. His father's military talents, courage, frequent wars, and excellence in mentoring rapidly brought forward Thomas who particularly signalised himself at the battle of Corniento, and at the siege of Asti. The Treaty of Monçon closed his Italian campaign, and he went to France where he married a daughter of the Count of Soissons, trusting to place himself in that Kingdom that was fitting to his birth and rank in life. Cardinal de Richelieu was, however, opposed to the family of Savoy, and cast so many difficulties in Tommaso's way that he was unable to surmount them, and he retired to Spain where he was well received.[3]

In Spain, he was appointed Commander of the Spanish Armies in the Low Countries. In his first campaign in 1634, Tommaso was defeated at the battle of Avein, as the soldiers under his command failed to support him. But he soon recovered this ill-fortune, since in 1635, he raised the siege of Louvain, and obliged the French Army to retreat into Holland. The following year the he marched his army into France, where La Capelle, Chatelet on the Sambre, and Bouchain, became his first conquests. He next attacked Corbie by siege, but when the French forces arrived, Tommaso was obliged to retreat. But even this was carried out in a way to add to his military reputation, which he afterwards increased by forcing Marshal Châtillon to raise the siege of St Omers.[3]

The death of his brother, the, Duke of Savoy, on the 7th of October, 1637, caused Tommaso to leave the Netherlands, to attend his own interests in Italy. The will of his brother, the late Duke, had appointed his Duchess, the tutoress of his two sons, and Regent of the Dukedom. Tommaso and his brother, Cardinal Maurice, claimed the same office, and while they were supported by the King of Spain, France embraced the cause of the Duchess. The Civil War which followed, lasted several years, and was finally concluded by Tommaso and the Cardinal withdrawing their claims through the intervention of Louis XIII. By this time, Cardinal Richelieu had died, so Tommaso connected with France, and he was soon employed by that nation to defend Savoy from the Spaniards. He was still as successful as he had formerly been, and in February 1664, he was made Grand Master of France, a position he held until his death.[3]

Place of death: Turin[4]
Place of marriage: Paris[4]
Place of death: Turin[1]
Place of burial: San Giovanni, Turin[4]


 

 
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Sources

1. Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, vol. 91. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2018.

2. Guichenon, S. Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie, vol. 3. Turin: chez Jean-Michel Briolo, 1778.

3. E. Walmsley. Physiognomical Portraits. One Hundred Distinguished Characters from undoubted Originals. For the Proprietor, by John Major, Robert Jennings & Robert Triphook, 1824.

4. C. Cawley. Medieval Lands - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families. The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. ©2018.

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