Tommaso di Savoia
1st Principe di Carignano
Other Titles and Honours
Marchese di Carignano, 1621
Marchese di Busca, 1620
Marquis de Châtelard en Bauges
Conte di Racconigi, 1620
Conte di Villafranca Piemonte, 1620
Signore di Cavallermaggiore, 1620
Signore di Caselle, 1620
Signore di Roaschia, 1620
Signore di Roccavione, 1620
Signore di Vigone, 1620
Signore di Barge, 1620
Seigneur de Rochemont
Knight of the Order of the Holy Annunciation (Italy)
Grand Master of France, 1664
General of the French Armies in Italy
Tommaso first assumed arms under his father, who was one of the most eminent
soldiers of his time. His father's military talents, courage, frequent
wars, and excellence in mentoring rapidly brought forward Thomas who particularly
signalised himself at the battle of Corniento, and at the siege of Asti.
The Treaty of Monçon closed his Italian campaign, and he went to France
where he married a daughter of the Count of Soissons, trusting to place
himself in that Kingdom that was fitting to his birth and rank in life.
Cardinal de Richelieu was, however, opposed to the family of Savoy, and
cast so many difficulties in Tommaso's way that he was unable to surmount
them, and he retired to Spain where he was well received.
In Spain, he was appointed Commander of the Spanish Armies in the Low
Countries. In his first campaign in 1634, Tommaso was defeated at the
battle of Avein, as the soldiers under his command failed to support him.
But he soon recovered this ill-fortune, since in 1635, he raised the siege
of Louvain, and obliged the French Army to retreat into Holland. The following
year the he marched his army into France, where La Capelle, Chatelet on
the Sambre, and Bouchain, became his first conquests. He next attacked
Corbie by siege, but when the French forces arrived, Tommaso was obliged
to retreat. But even this was carried out in a way to add to his military
reputation, which he afterwards increased by forcing Marshal Châtillon
to raise the siege of St Omers.
The death of his brother, the, Duke of Savoy, on the 7th of October, 1637,
caused Tommaso to leave the Netherlands, to attend his own interests in
Italy. The will of his brother, the late Duke, had appointed his Duchess,
the tutoress of his two sons, and Regent of the Dukedom. Tommaso and his
brother, Cardinal Maurice, claimed the same office, and while they were
supported by the King of Spain, France embraced the cause of the Duchess.
The Civil War which followed, lasted several years, and was finally concluded
by Tommaso and the Cardinal withdrawing their claims through the intervention
of Louis XIII. By this time, Cardinal Richelieu had died, so Tommaso connected
with France, and he was soon employed by that nation to defend Savoy from
the Spaniards. He was still as successful as he had formerly been, and
in February 1664, he was made Grand Master of France, a position he held
until his death.
Place of death: Turin
Place of marriage: Paris
Place of death: Turin
Place of burial: San Giovanni, Turin