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Louis I
2nd Duc de Savoie
(1415-65)

Other Titles and Honours

Principe di Piemonte, 1431 courtesy; 1439-65†[1]
Titular Prince of Achaia, 1439-65†[2]
Duc de Chablais, 1439-65†[2]
Duca d'Aosta, 1439-65†[2]

Marchese di Susa, 1439-65†[2]
Comte de Nice, 1439-65†[2]
Conte di Ventimiglia, 1439-65†[2]
Comte de Baugé, 1424[1]
Comte de Romont[2]
Comte de Genève, 1451-65†[3]
Comte de Valentinois, 1439-45[1]
Comte de Diois, 1439-45[1]
Baron de Faucigny, 1439-65†[2]
Baron de Vaud, 1439-65†[2]
Baron de Gex, 1439-65†[2]
Signore
di Vercelli,1439-65†[2]
Seigneur de Bugey, 1439-65†[2]
Seigneur de Beaufort[2]
Seigneur de Fribourg[2]
Signore di Chiasso, 1436[3]

Positions Held

Lieutenant general of the Duchy of Savoy, 1434[1]

Main Events


When his father took the religious habit in 1434, Louis was in charge of the management of affairs as lieutenant general, although his father continued to control important state matters, even when he was elected pope. Louis' wife Anna of Cyprus wielded considerable influence over him, and she played an active role in the affairs of Savoy. She bestowed favours on members of the nobility of Cyprus who had joined the court of Savoy with her which gave rise to a movement amongst members of the dissatisfied Savoyan nobility in 1446. An attempt was soon made on the life of Jean de Compey, Seigneur de Thorens, member of the Cypriot faction and a favourite of Louis. Louis' attempts to punish the perpetuators were thwarted by intervention of the Pope, his father. Louis' relations with his father were already strained, but he continued to bestow favours and protection on Compey, and made him lieutenant general of Piedmont.[1]

After his father's death in 1451, Louis commenced his revenge on the conspirators who then sought assistance from France and Burgundy. Relations between Louis and Charles VII of France were already difficult because of Louis' support of Charles' wayward son, the Dauphin, and because Louis had given the Dauphin the hand in marriage of his daughter, Charlotte, in 1451 without Charles' consent. Charles used the pleas of the conspirators as a pretext to assert control over Savoy. By 1454, Louis had all but abdicated and was obliged to free the conspirators and restore them their rights and privileges. Louis' son Philippe had become the leader of the movement opposing Louis, the Cypriots, and the loss of Savoy's independence which culminated in the deaths of Marshal Varax, and Duchess Anna's favourite, Valperga.[1]

By 1463, Louis, who had was suffering from gout, left Savoy for Paris and entered talks with the king concerning his son Philippe who had been imprisoned in the castle of Loches. His stay in France continued for some month and he signed a new treaty with Duke Charles of Burgundy over the borders of Beaujolais, and he was later able to regain control of Savoy.[1]

Place of birth: Geneva[3]
Place of marriage: Chambéry[3]
Place of death: Lyon[3]


 

1. Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, vol. 66. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2006.

2. S. Guichenon. Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie, vol. 2. Turin: chez Jean-Michel Briolo, 1778.

3. C. Cawley. Medieval Lands - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families. The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. ©2018.
 

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