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Royal Genealogy

Carlo Emanuele II
14th Duca di Savoia
(1634-75)

Other Titles and Honours

Titular King of Cyprus, 1638-75†[1]
Titular King of Jerusalem, 1638-75†[1]
Titular King of Armenia, 1638-75†[1]
Principe di Piemonte, 1638-75†[2]
Titular Prince of Achaia, 1638[2]
Principe d'Oneglia, 1638[2]
Duc de Genève, 1665[3]
Duc de Nemours, 1665[3]
Duc de Chablais, 1638[2]
Duca d'Aosta, 1638[2]
Duc de Genevois, 1638[2]
Duca di Monferrato, 1638[2]
Marchese di Susa, 1638[2]
Marchese di Saluzzo, 1638[2]
Conte d'Asti, 1638[2]
Comte de Nice, 1638[2]
Comte de Tende, 1638[2]
Comte de Genève, 1638[2]
Comte de Romont, 1638[2]
Baron de Faucigny, 1665[3]
Baron de Beaufort, 1665[3]
Baron de Vaud, 1638[2]
Signore de Vercelli, 1638[2]
Seigneur de Fribourg, 1638[2]
Signore del Marro, 1638[2]
Signore della Prela, 1638[2]
Signore di Novello, 1638[2]
Royal Highness (France)[3]

Main Events

On his brother's death, Charles Emmanuel succeeded as fourteenth Duke of Savoy, but he was then only four years old, and until his majority, at fourteen, his mother ruled absolutely.  When he was declared of age, she still directed most of the affairs of state and exercised much control over the government until her death in 1663.  During most of those years, war was waged between France and Spain, varied only by the cruel religious war against the Waldenses. In 1655, this persecution was brought to a close by the peace of Pinerolo, chiefly ascribed to Cardinal Mazarin.  The Treaty of the Pyrenees, signed in 1669, ended the war which for eighty years had desolated Savoy, Piedmont, and Italy, and restored to Savoy most of the towns that had been taken by France.[4]

The death of Charles Emmanuel II has been described as unrivalled in the annals of monarchical history for solemnity and impressiveness.  Feeling his end approaching, the Duke ordered the doors of his palace to be opened so that his subjects, whom he loved, and who in their turn loved him and had flocked to the palace, should see him die.  He eventually began to enjoy a period of profound peace after he was no longer the nominal ruler, and this enabled him to 'live in quiet as well as in splendour, a builder of churches, palaces, and villas, a good and accomplished prince, and a patron of letters.'[4]

Place of birth: Turin[3]
Place of first marriage: Annecy[3]
Place of second marriage: Turin[3]
Place of death: Turin[3]


 

 
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Sources

1. K.M. Setton, ed. A History of the Crusades, vol. 2. Wisconsin: Princeton University of Wisconsin Press, 1969.

2. S. Guichenon. Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie, vol. 2. Turin: chez Jean-Michel Briolo, 1778.

3. C. Cawley. Medieval Lands - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families. The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. ©2018.

4. A. Wiel. The Romance of the House of Savoy. New York; London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1898.
 

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