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Principe Amedeo Umberto di Savoia
5th Duca d'Aosta
(1943–2021)


Other names: Amedeo Umberto Costantino Giorgio Paolo Alessandro Elena Maria Florenzio Zvonimir

Biographical


5th Duca d'Aosta 1948–2021†
26th titular Duca di Savoia (claimant) 2006–21†
Head of the Royal House of Savoy, and all other associated titles (claimant) 2006–21†
Duca delle Puglie 1943 –48
Principe della Cisterna 1948–2021†
Principe di Belriguardo 1948–2021†
Marchese di Voghera 1948–2021†
Conte di Ponderano 1948–2021†
Knight of the Order of the Annunziata 1961 [ITA]
Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour of the Order of Malta [VAT]
Bailiff Knight Grand Cross of Justice of the Military Constantinian Order of St George [SIC]
Knight Grand Cross of the Orders of Saint Maurice and Saint Lazarus [ITA]

Amedeo was baptised twice because the his ceremony was declared to be void. He underwent the second ceremony at the age of six. In 1944 Amedeo, his mother, and his Savoy-Aosta cousins, Margherita and Maria Cristina, along with their mother Anne de Bourbon-Orléans, were sent to the Austrian concentration camp of Hirschegg by the Nazis. After their liberation in May 1945, Amedeo and his mother lived in Switzerland for a few weeks, and then returned to Italy. This was possible because Amedeo's family, being a junior branch of the House of Savoy, was unaffected by the law concerning the exile of the royal family, and so he was able to begin his education in Italy. He afterwards completed his naval education and became a naval officer, but was unable pursue a career in the field because he was prohibited by the Italian government. He then studied political science. He was appointed the representative of the House of Savoy in Italy by the exiled King Umberto II. Amedeo involved himself in agricultural activities, and with the production of wine, naming his brand 'Savoy-Aosta' and using the royal name and arms which caused a dispute with his cousin the royal pretender Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples in 1987. Due to the various scandals in which Vittorio Emanuele had been embroiled, a group of supporters of Amedeo of Savoy, along with the Council of Senators of the Kingdom, declared him to be the rightful heir of the House of Savoy in 2006, and Amedeo assumed the title of 'Duke of Savoy', all of the other titles held by the head of the House of Savoy. The dispute was further intensified when Vittorio Emanuele abolished male primogeniture, given that his son had no male heir, thus depriving Amedeo's family who would have been next in line to succeed. In 2008 Vittorio Emanuele and his son, Emanuele Filiberto, took legal action against Amedeo over his use of the Savoy name (rather than Savoy-Aosta), and the court of Arezzo ruled in Vittorio Emanuele's favour in 2010, awarding him damages. This decision this was overturned on appeal in 2018, and Amedeo and his son continued to use the Savoy surname. Amedeo died from cardiac arrest after undergoing surgery.

Place of birth: Villa la Cisterna, Florence
Place of baptism (first): Florence
Place of first marriage: Church of São Pedro de Penaferrim, Sintra, Estremadura, Sintra, Portugal
Place of second marriage: Villa Spedalotto, Bagheria
Place of death: San Donato, Arezzo

Son of Aimone di Savoia-Aosta and Princess Eirene of Greece (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburrg-Glücksburg). He married firstly to Princesse Claude de France (Bourbon-Orléans) in 1964, divorcing in 1982, and had issue. He married secondly to Silvia Paternò Ventimiglia dei Marchesi di Regiovanni (*1943) in 1987. He also had illegitimate issue.


 

Sources

1.
Stephane Linning. King Felipe of Spain's cousin the Duke of Aosta dies at 77. Daily Mail, 4 June 2021.
2. Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía. Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía, 2000-2001, vol. 6.

3. E' morto in ospedale il Duca Amedeo d'Aosta: aveva 77 anni e forti radici qui. La Nazione Arezzo, 1 June 2021.

4.
Società Genealogica Italiana. Enciclopedia Genealogica del Mediterraneo. 2005–2018.
5. Morto il principe Amedeo, duca di Savoia e d’Aosta: l’annuncio della Real Casa. Dalla disputa per il trono d’Italia alla prigionia sotto i nazisti: la sua storia. Fatto Quotidiano Magazine, 1 June 2021.
 

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