III de Savoie
7th Comte de Savoie
Other names: the Fat
Other Titles and Honours
Count of the Holy Roman Empire, 1111
Marchese di Susa, 1103-48†
Comte de Maurienne, 1103-48†
Conte d'Aosta, 1103-48†
Comte de Chablais, 1103-48†
Conte di Torino, by 1131-36 dep
Comte de Tarentaise, 1103-48†
Seigneur de Valais, 1103-48†
Seigneur de Bugey, 1103-48†
Vicar general of the Holy Roman Empire
Lay abbot of St Maurice d'Agaune, -1116
Amadeus III succeeded his father, but was a minor under the guardianship
of his mother, Gisela of Burgundy. The counts of Maurienne had already
greatly enlarged their dominions on the Savoy side of the Alps, beyond
the boundaries of Maurienne, and Amadeus is styled in some diplomas as
'Count of Maurienne and marquis in Italy'. In another, dated from Turin,
he styles himself 'Count, by the grace of God, of Burgundy and Lombardy'.
In 1136, the Emperor Lothar II invaded Lombardy and subdued various towns
that opposed him, and then invaded and occupied Turin, for reasons that
are not clear. It was possibly because Amedeus was considered a usurper
of Turin, and, like Lothar's predecessor, Henry V, he opposed the revival
of the margravate of Turin. By 1137 or 1138, Amedeus launched an assault
on Turin and seems to have eventually regained some control of the city.
Amadeus made several grants of lands and other tenements to churches and
convents, according to the custom of that age, among the rest to the monastery
of the St Bernard. He built the family abbey of Hautecombe
on the Lac du Bourget from c. 1140 where his successors were afterwards
interred. He also founded the Abbey of Chézry in 1140, and the Chartreuse
of Arvieres between 1140 and 1144.
In 1147, Amadeus set out with his nephew Louis VII of France on a crusade
to the East at the exhortation of St. Bernard. The Emperor Conrad of Germany
joined them. The crusaders went by land to Constantinople, and from there
through Asia Minor. They were defeated by the Turks in the defiles of
Pamphylia, and those who escaped with King Louis and Amadeus found their
way by sea to Antioch, and from there to Palestine, where being joined
by the forces of Bohemund, king of Jerusalem, they determined to attack
Damascus, but the attempt failed. The King of France then left Palestine
in disgust and Amadeus on his return home landed at Nicosia where he fell
ill and died.
His first marriage is estimated to have taken place between 1120 and 1123.
Place of birth: Montmélian
Place of death: Nicosia
1. C.W. Previté-Orton.
The Early History of the House of Savoy: 1000-1233: 1000-1233. Cambridge: University Press, 1912.
2. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. The Biographical
Dictionary, vol. 2.1. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1843.
3. C. Cawley. Medieval Lands - A prosopography of medieval European
noble and royal families. The Foundation for Medieval
4. S. Guichenon. Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie,
vol. 1. Turin: chez Jean-Michel Briolo, 1778.