18th Comte de Savoie
Other names: the Red Count
Other Titles and Honours
Principe di Piemonte, 1383-91†
Duc de Chablais, 1383-91†
Duca d'Aosta, 1383-91†
Marchese di Susa, 1383-91†
Comte de Nice, 1388-91†
Conte di Ventimiglia, 1388-91†
Baron de Faucigny, 1383-91†
Baron de Vaud, 1383-91†
Baron de Gex, 1383-91†
Seigneur de Faucigny, 1383-91†
Seigneur de Barcellonnette
Signore di Cuneo
Seigneur de Bresse, 1383-91†
Seigneur de Bugey, 1383-91†
Seigneur de Valromey, 1383-91†
After succeeding his father at twenty-three years of age, Amadeus was soon called by Charles VI of France to his assistance against the Flemish and the English, who were besieging Ypres. Amadeus led seven hundred lances to the king's camp, and the combined forces, after relieving Ypres, laid siege to Bourbourg. During the siege, single fights, after the fashion of chivalry, took place by challenge between Count Amadeus and several English knights, among others, the Earl of Arundel
and the Earl of Pembroke, in which Amadeus was victorious. The garrison of Bourbourg having capitulated, Amadeus accompanied the English garrison to England, where he was received with great honour. He was styled the 'Red Count' from the colour ofhis armour. On his return to his own states, he made the peaceful and important acquisition of the county of Nice which had been disputed between Ladislaus of Naples and Louis II of Anjou. The people of Nice, weary of contention, gave themselves up to Amadeus, proclaiming him their sovereign in 1388. By this acquisition, the dominions of Savoy reached from the banks of the Leman lake to the shores of the Mediterranean.
In 1391, Amadeus, whilst hunting the boar in the forest of Lornes, near Thonon in the Chablais, fell from his horse, and received a dangerous wound in the thigh, of which he soon after died. A suspicion arose that his wound had been poisoned, and his physician, Peter of Stupinix, was executed for it at Bourg en Bresse, but, some time after, he was declared to have been innocent of the charge. Six years later, Gerard, lord of Estavayer, accused Otho, lord of Granson, of having poisoned Count Amadeus, and offered to prove it by single combat. It is said that jealousy was the cause of Gerard's accusation. The duel took place at Bourg en Bresse in 1397, in presence of numerous spectators. Otho, who was much older than his antagonist, was killed, and the people fancied that to be an evident proof of his guilt. The new Count of Savoy took possession of Granson and its territory.
His death was attributed to poisoning from medication used to treat baldness.
Place of birth: Château de Chambéry
Place of marriage: Paris Hôtel Saint-Pol
Place of death: Château de Ripaille, Thonon
Place of burial: Hautecombe Abbey
1. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. The Biographical Dictionary, vol. 2.1. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1843.
2. S. Guichenon. Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie, vol. 3. Turin: chez Jean-Michel Briolo, 1778.
3. C. Cawley. Medieval Lands - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families. The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. ©2018.
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