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Grand Masters of the Knights Templar


The Grand Master of the Knights Templar was the supreme commander of the order who was elected by the chapter general, the governing body of the order. He had absolute authority over all aspects of the order, including its finances, military operations, and religious practices. He was also the official representative of the order to the Pope and other Christian rulers. No definitive list of the Grand Masters exists, but generally, it is considered that there were twenty-three men who were nominated to the position.

 
#
Name
Tenure
Cessation
1
Hugues de Payen
c.1119–c.1136
d. in office
2
Robert de Craon
c.1136–c.1149
d. in office
3
Everard des Barres
c.1149–c.1152    
d. in office
4
Bernard de Tremelay
c.1152–1153
k. in a siege
5
André de Montbard
1153–1156
d. in office
6
Bertrand de Blancfort
1156–1169
d. in office
7
Philippe de Nablus
1169–1171
resigned(?)
8
Odo de St Amand
c.1171–1179
d. in Muslim prison
9
Arnold of Torroja
1181–1184
d. in office
11
Gérard de Ridefort
1185–1189
k. in a siege
12
Robert de Sablé
1191–1192/3
d. in office
13
Gilbert Erail
1194–1200
d. in office
14
Philippe de Plessis
1201–1209
d. in office
15
Guillaume de Chartres    
1210–1218/19
d. in office
16
Pierre de Montaigu
1219–1230/32
d. in office
17
Armand de Périgord
c.1232–1244
d. in Muslim prison
18
Richard de Bures*
c.1244–c.1247
d. in office
19
Guillaume de Sonnac
c.1247–1250
k. in a siege
20
Reginald de Vichiers
1250–1256
d. in office
21
Thomas Bérard
1256–1273
d. in office
22
Guillaume de Beaujeu
1273–1291
k. in a siege
23
Theobald Gaudin
1291–1292/93
d. in office
24 
Jacques de Molay
c.1293–1314
executed


Notes


* Usually omitted from other lists.

Sources

Sean Martin. The Knights Templar. Harpenden, Herts.: Pocket Essentials, 2004.

 





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