Eleuterio Pagliano (1826–1903)

An Italian painter and engraver, Pagliano was born at Casale Monferrato. He began his studies at the age of ten at the Brera Academy under Luigi Sabatelli. In 1846, he exhibited his The Miraculous Virgin at Turin, and in 1847, he completed his San Luigi Gonzaga which was commissioned by King Carlo Alberto. In 1849, he enlisted to take part in the cause of the Risorgimento, and began to follow Garibaldi in his exploits, distinguishing himself, particularly at Rome. After spending some time at Rome, he settled at Milan in 1850, participating in the annual Brera Exhibition. He decorated the ceiling of the Teatro Sociale di Como in the mid-1850s, and he decorated the velarium of the Verona Philharmonic theatre in 1859. He won the Mylius prize for genre painting in 1855. Pagliano stayed at Florence between 1856 and 1857, visiting museums, and working as a copyist, and then returned to Milan. During this period, he began to paint his better known works, including his The Founding of the Company of Mercy in Florence, exhibited at the Brera Exhibition in 1857. In 1858, he was appointed a member of the Société royale belge des aquarellistes. In 1859, he was in command of Garibaldi's Hunters of the Alps corps, and distinguished himself at Seriate and Treponti, and was awarded the medal for military valour in 1860. In the 1860s Pagliano took up etching, reproducing many of his own works, and making them popular. Over time, he completed numerous engraved works which had become a venture quite separate from his painting, and were appreciated for their richness and intense luminosity. He continued to exhibit his works regularly in Italy and internationally, winning the third class gold medal at the Universal Exposition in Paris in 1867, and the second class gold medal at the same exhibition in 1878. The wars of independence were the subject of many of his works, particularly his large historical and patriotic canvases, painted in a somewhat heavy manner, but his delicate palette is revealed in his sketches and portraits in which the complexion is warm and playful, with tones that are characteristic of Lombard painting. Pagliano died at Milan.









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