Richard Roland Holst (1868–1938)

A Dutch painter, draftsman, graphic artist, glazier and writer, Holst was born at Amsterdam. He was admitted to the Rijksacademie in Amsterdam in 1885, and after he left, he went to reside in Breukelen, Hattem, and Heerde where he worked mostly with nature, until he returned to Amsterdam. Having been influenced by Jan Toorop and Van Gogh, he lost interest in Impressionism and switched to Symbolism in around 1890, coming under the influence of Maurice Denis, William Morris, and Walter Crane. He stopped making paintings and began to concentrate on lithographs, where his own style eventually emerged. Married to the poetess and revolutionary Henriette van der Schalk in 1896, socialism was increasingly reflected in his works, and both he and his wife became committed to combining the arts with socialist ideals. In 1918, Holst was professor at the Rijksacademie in Amsterdam, and he became its director from 1926 to 1934. He died at Bloemendaal.









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