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Federal Civil Rights Laws of the United States

Name
Date Passed
Key Provisions
Thirteenth Amendment
18 December 1865
· Abolished slavery
Civil Rights Act of 1866
9 April 1866*
· Granted citizenship to persons born or naturalised in the United States
· Granted citizens the right to sue, enter contracts and own property
· Outlawed the deprivation of civil rights
Fourteenth Amendment
28 July 1868
· Curbed states' rights claims
· Guaranteed equal protection under the law with the federal government as protector
Fifteenth Amendment
2 February 1870
· Gave right to vote regardless of race, colour, previous servitude condition
Civil Rights Act of 1875
1 March 1875
· Gave access to public facilities to all regardless of previous servitude condition
Civil Rights Act of 1957
9 September 1957
· Established the Commission on Civil Rights
Civil Rights Act of 1960
6 May 1960
· Established federal inspection of voter registration polls
Executive Order
6 May 1961
· Established President’s Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity
Civil Rights Act of 1964
2 July 1964
· Outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, colour, sex, national origin or religion
· Protected voting rights
· Outlawed segregation in schools, public places and employment
Voting Rights Act of 1965
6 August 1965
· Outlawed practices used for the purpose of denying voting rights based on race
Civil Rights Act of 1968
11 April 1968
· Outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, colour, sex, national origin or religion arising in connection with housing
· Protected American Indians' civil rights
Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 
22 March 1988
· Outlawed discrimination on the basis race, religion, colour, national origin, gender, age, or disability arising in any institution receiving federal funding

Notes

* re-enacted 31 May 1870

Sources

Moore, J. H., ed. Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, vol. 1. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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