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Biometric Traits

Property Fingerprint Face Iris Voice
Distinctiveness High Low High Low
Permanence High Medium High Low
How well trait
can be sensed
Medium High Medium Medium
Speed and cost
efficiency of system
High Low High Low
Willingness of people to have trait used Medium High Low High
Difficulty of
spoofing the trait
High Low High Low
False reject rate* 0.4% 1.0–2.5% 1.1–1.4% 5–10%
False accept rate* 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 2–5%

Notes

* Error rates depend on testing environment, sensors used and composition of users in the population.

Sources

Jain, A. and S. Pankanti. Beyond Fingerprinting. Scientific American, September 2008, 299 (3), pp.76-81.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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