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Deadliest Earthquakes

#
Date
Location
Deaths
Magnitude
1
23 January 1556
Shansi, China
830,000
unknown
2
27 July 1976
Tangshan, China
655,000
8.2
3
26 December 2004
Sumatra, Indonesia
283,106
9
4
9 August 1138
Aleppo, Syria
230,000
unknown
5
22 May 1927
Xining, China
200,000
7.9
6
22 December 856*
Damghan, Iran
200,000
unknown
7
16 December 1920
Gansu, China
200,000
8.6
8
23 March 893*
Ardabil, Iran
150,000
unknown
9
1 September 1923
Kanto, Japan
143,000
7.9
10
5 Oct 1948
Turkmenistan (USSR)
110,000
7.3
11
28 December 1908
Messina, Italy
70,000-100,000
7.2
12
September 1290
Chihli, China
100,000
unknown
13
8 October 2005
Muzafarrabad, Pakistan
86,000
7.6
14
November 1667
Shemakha, Caucasia
80,000
unknown
15
18 November 1727
Tabriz, Iran
77,000
unknown
16
1 November 1755
Lisbon, Portugal
70,000
8.7
17
25 December 1932
Gansu, China
70,000
7.6
18
31 May 1970
Peru
66,000
7.9
19
1268
Cilicia, Asia Minor
60,000
unknown
20
11 January 1693
Sicily, Italy
60,000
unknown
21
30 May 1935
Quetta, Pakistan
30,000-60,000
7.5
22
4 February 1783
Calabria, Italy
50,000
unknown
23
20 June 1990
Gilan, Iran
50,000
7.7

Notes

*Dates uncertain

Sources

Gates
, A. E. and D. Ritchie. Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes, 3rd edn. New York: Facts On File, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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