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The Days of the Maya Calendar

A year in the Maya calendar was divided into eighteen months (uinal), with each month consisting of twenty days (kin). When a month ended after the twentieth day, the sequence would start again from the beginning.

Day 

Maya
Name 

Meaning

Symbols/
Attributes

Augur/
Prediction 

Inscription
Glyph
*
Codice
Glyph
*
Aztec
Name
Meaning

1

Imix

land dragon

plumeria flower, comet

libidinous, indecisive

Cipactli crocodile

2

Ik

air, life  

plumeria flower

lascivious, evil

Ehecatl wind

Akbal

night, darkness

musk deer

wretched, plebeian, hunter

Cali house

4

Kan

maize, ripe

red ceiba tree, blackbird, beautiful songbirds

wise

Cuetzpallin lizard

5

Chicchan

snake

habin tree

irate, criminal

Coatl snake

6

Cimi

death, owl

 

criminal

Miquiztli death

7

Manik

grasp, deer

cocoa, parrot, quetzal, blood

evil

Mazatl deer

8

Lamat

Venus

deformed dog

drunk, gossip

Tochtli rabbit

9

Muluc

water, rain

shark, jaguar, devouring of offspring and wives

rich hypocrite

Atl water

10

Oc

dog

parrot

adulterer, troublemaker

Izcuintli dog

11

Chuen

monkey

 

intelligent, weaver, carpenter, rich

Ozomatli monkey

12

Eb

tooth, jaw

thrush

rich, generous, good

Malinalli grass

13

Ben

reed

 

plebeian

Acatl rush

14

Ix

jaguar, magician

blood

bloodthirsty, murderer

Ocelotl jaguar

15

Men

eagle

joy

master of actions and words

Cuauhtli eagle

16

Cib

vulture, ancestor

deer-god

thief, murderer, hunter

Cozcacuauhtli  vulture

17

Caban

strength, earth

woodpecker

dealer, healer, wise, good

Ollin movement, earthquake

18

Eznab

sharpened flint stone

momot, health

healer, bloodletter, courageous, good

Tecpatl sharpened flint stone

19

Cauac

storm, rain

quetzal, cargador del año² announcing illnesses

imaginative, noble

Quiahuitl rain

20

Ahau

lord

rapacious eagle, devouring of children

rich, wise, courageous, good

Xochitl flower

Notes

1. Some glyphs have several variations.
2. Year Bearer

Sources

El libro de los libros de Chilam Balam. Trans. A. Barrera Vásquez and Silvia Rendón. Mexico D.F.: Fondo de Cultura Ecónomica, 1984.

La Farge, O. The Year Bearer's people. New Orleans: The Tulane University of Louisiana, 1931.

Morley, S. G. An Introduction to the Study of the Maya Hieroglyphs. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1915.

Scofield, B. and B. C. Orr. Cómo practicar la astrología maya: El calendario Tzolkin y su sendero en la vida. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions, 2009.

(Translation by M Gaxiola)
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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