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Khwajagani, Naqshbandi, Mujaddidi Masters Spiritual Pedigree


                                                Muhammad
                                               the Prophet
                                                  †633
                                        ____________|__________
                                       |                       |
                                       ▼                       ▼
                                  'Ali bin                  Abu Bakr
                                  abi Talib                al-Siddiq
                                     †661*                   †634
                          _____________|____________           |
                         |               |          |          |
                         ▼               ▼          ▼          ▼
                       Hasan          Husayn ◄--- Hasan     Salman
                     al-Basri          †680*      †669*    al-Farisi
                       †728              |                   †655
                         |               |                     |
                         ▼               ▼                     ▼
                       Habib           Zayn                  Qasim
                     al-'Ajami      al-'Abidin           bin Muhammad
                       †738            †765*                 †727
                         |               |                     |
                         ▼               ▼                     ▼
                       Da'ud          Muhammad -----------► Ja'far
                       al-Tai         al-Baqir             al-Sadiq
                        †780           †731*                 †765*
                         |                               ______|_____
                         |                              |            |
                         ▼                              ▼            ▼
                      Ma'ruf  ◄--------------┐        Musa       Abu Yazid
                     al-Karkhi               |      al-Kazim    al-Bistami
                       †815                  |        †799*        †875
                         |                   |          |
                         ▼                   |          ▼
                       Sari                  └------  'Ali
                     al-Saqati                      bin Musa
                       †867                          al-Rida
                         |                            †818*
                         ▼
                      Junayd
                    al-Baghdadi
                       †910
               __________|__________
              |                     |
              ▼                     ▼
           Abu Bakr              Abu 'Ali
            Shibli              al-Rudbari
             †945                   |
              |                     |
              ▼                     ▼
         Abu'l-Qasim             Abu 'Ali
         al-Nasrabadi            al-Katib
            †982                    |
              |                     |
              ▼                     ▼
           Abu 'Ali              'Uthman
          al-Daqqaq            al-Maghribi
            †1014                 †983
              |                     |
              ▼                     ▼
         Abu'l-Qasim          Abu al-Qasim
         al-Qushayri           al-Gurgani
            †1072                 †1076
              |                     |
              |                     |
              └----►  Abu 'Ali ◄----┘
                     al-Farmadi
                       †1084
                 ________|_______
                |                |
                ▼                ▼
            Abu Hamid          Yusuf
           al-Ghazzali        Hamadani
              †1111            †1140
                                 |
                                 ▼
                           'Abdulkhaliq -------┐
                            Ghujduvani         |
                               †1179           |
                                 |             |
                                 ▼             |
                               'Arif           |
                              Riwgari          |
                               †1219           |
                                 |             |
                                 ▼             |
                           Mahmud Anjir        |
                             Faghnawi          |
                               †1317           |
                                 |             |
                                 ▼             |
                               'Ali            |
                             Rametani          |
                              †1321            |
                                 |             |
                                 ▼             |
                              Muhammad         |
                            Baba Sammasi       |
                               †1354           |
                                 |             |
                                 ▼             |
                             Amir Kulal        |
                               †1370           |
                                 |             |
                                 ▼             |
                            Baha'uddin ◄-------┘
                             Naqshband
                               †1389
                    _____________|____________
                   |                          |
                   ▼                          ▼
              'Ala'uddin                  Muhammad
                'Attar                      Parsa
                 †1400                      †1420
                   |                          |
                   ▼                          ▼
                Ya'qub                    Nizamuddin
                Charkhi                       |
                 †1447                        |
                   |                          |
                   ▼                          ▼
              'Ubaydullah ---------┐      Sa'duddin
                 Ahrar             |      Kashghari
                 †1490             |        †1456
           ________|______         |          |
          |               |        |          |
          ▼               ▼        |          |
    Yusuf Husayn       Muhammad    └---► 'Abdurrahman
      al-Wa'iz      Zahid Wakhshi            Jami
     al-Kashifi         †1529               †1492
       †1532              |                   |
                          |                   ▼
                          ▼           (nine generations
                       Darwish        of living shaykhs)
                       Muhammad               |
                        †1562                 ▼
                          |               Faqirullah
                          ▼               Shikapuri
                       Muhammad             †1781
                       Amkanagi
                        †1600
                          |
                          ▼
                       Muhammad
                      Baqibillah
                        †1603                                                                           MUJADDIDI
                          |______________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                 |
                                                                                                 ▼
                                                                                               Ahmad
                                                                                              Sirhindi
                                                                                               †1624
                                           ______________________________________________________|____________________________________________________
                                          |                                                               |                                           |
                                          ▼                                                               ▼                                           ▼
                                       Muhammad    ┌-------------------------------------------------- Muhammad                                      Adam
                                        Sa'id      |                                                   Ma'sum                                      Banuri
                                        †1660      |                                                    †1668                                       †1643
                                          |        |                          ____________________________|____________________________               |
                                          |        |                         |             |                                           |              |
                                          ▼        |                         ▼             ▼                                           ▼              ▼ 
                                     'Abdulahad ◄--┘                     Sayfuddin     Muhammad                                   Hujjatullah     Sa'dullah
                                        †1715                              †1684        Muhsin                                     Naqshband          |
                           _______________|______________                    |         †1734/5                                       †1702            |
                          |               |              |                   |             |                                           |              |
                          ▼               ▼              ▼                   ▼             |                                           ▼              ▼
                     Khwaja Hanif       Shah          Muhammad  ◄--┐   Nur Muhammad        |                                        Muhammad       Muhammad
                        †1720         Sa'dullah    'Abid Sunnami   |     Bada'uni          |                                         Zubayr      Sa'id Lahuri
                          |            Gulshan         †1747       |       †1723           |                                         †1740          †1753
                          |             †1728                      |         |             |                                           |              |
                          |               |                        |         |             |                                           |              |
                          ▼               ▼                        |         ▼             |                                           ▼              ▼
                     Khwaja Zaki    Muhammad Nasir                 └--- Mirza Mazhar ◄-----┘                                         Shah          Muhammad
                        †1730         'Andalib                          Jani-i janan                                               Qutbuddin        Mas'ud
                          |             †1759                              †1781                                                     †1766         Peshawari
                          |               |                     _____________|____________                                             |              |
                          |               |                    |             |            |                                            |              |
                          ▼               ▼                    ▼             ▼            ▼                                            ▼              ▼
                       Shaykh         Mir Dard                Qadi        Ghulam      Na'imullah                                     Shah         Faqirullah
                      Muhammad          †1785             Thana'ullah    'Ali Shah    Bahra'ichi                                  Jamalullah      Shikarpuri
                        †1737                              Panipati        †1824        †1803                                        †1794          †1781
                          |                                  †1810           |                                                         |
                          |                         _________________________|_____________________                                    |
                          |                        |                                   |           |                                   |
                          ▼                        ▼                                   ▼           ▼                                   ▼
                     Khwaja Zaman               Ghulam                             Abu Sa'id    Khalid                            Khwaja 'Isa
                        †1775                  Muyhiddin                           Mujaddidi     Kurdi                               †1806 
                          |                      Qusuri                              †1835       †1827                                 |
                          |                      †1854             ____________________|_________________                              |
                          |                        |              |              |                       |                             |
                          ▼                        ▼              ▼              ▼                       ▼                             ▼
                     Ahmad Sindi                Ghulam       Ahmad Sa'id    Abu'l-Khayr              Muhammad                      Fyadullah
                        †1808                 Nabilillahi       †1860         Dihlawi                 Sharif                         Tirahi 
                          |                      †1888            |            †1924                 Qandahari                       †1829
                          |                                _______|______                              †1867                           |
                          |                               |              |                               |                             |
                          ▼                               ▼              ▼                               ▼                             ▼ 
                     Shah Husayn                    Dost Muhammad    Muhammad                       Mahmud Shah                  Nur Muhammad 
                        †1809                         Qandahari        'Umar                           †1888                        Churahi
                          |                             †1868          †1880              _______________|_____________              †1869
                          |                               |              |               |               |             |               |
                          ▼                               ▼              ▼               ▼               ▼             ▼               ▼
                      Imam 'Ali                       Muhammad      Abu'l-Kloyr    'Abdulkhaliq    Qadir Bakhsh    Anwar 'Ali        Faqir
                         Shah                          'Uthman        Dihlawi          †1931           †1857         †1921         Muhammad 
                        †1865                           †1896          †1924                             |                          Churahi 
                          |                               |                                              |                           †1897
                          |                        _______|______                                        |               ______________|______________
                          |                       |              |                                       |              |              |              |
                          ▼                       ▼              ▼                                       ▼              ▼              ▼              ▼
                        Sadiq               'Abdurrahman     Sirajuddin                               Tawakkul       Jama'at     'Abdulkarim    Jama'at 'Ali
                      'Ali Shah             Bahadur Kilmi      †1915                               Shah Anbalawi    'Ali Shah        †1936      Shah La Thani 
                        †1900                   †1922            |                                     †1897          †1951                         †1939 
                          |                               _______|_______                                |
                          |                              |               |                               | 
                          ▼                              ▼               ▼                               ▼ 
                      Amiruddin                     Abu'l-Sa'id    Muhammad Fadl                   Mahbub 'Alam
                        †1912                       Ahmad Khan       'Ali Shah                         †1917 
                          |                            †1941           †1935 
                          |                                              |
                          ▼                                              ▼
                    Sher Muhammad                                  Muhammad Sa'id 
                      Sharaqpuri                                      Qurayshi  
                        †1928                                          †1944      
          ________________|________________                              |
         |                |                |                             |
         ▼                ▼                ▼                             ▼
     Nurulhasan       Muhammad      Muhammad Isma'il                  Zawwar
       †1952       'Umar Birbali       Kirmanwali                     Husayn 
                        †1967            †1966                         †1980
                                                                         |
                                                                         ▼
                                                                      Ghulam
                                                                    Mustafa Khan



Notes

* Shi'i imams

Sources

A. F. Buehler. Sufi Heirs of the Prophet: The Indian Naqshbandiyya and the Rise of the Mediating Sufi Shaykh. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1998


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