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The Twelve Olympians

#
Greek Name Principal Concerns Roman Name
1
Zeus Sky, weather, law, justice; king of the gods Jupiter/Jove
2
Hera Marriage, childbirth; queen of heaven Juno
3
Poseidon The sea Neptune
4
Demeter Corn, harvest, agriculture Ceres
5
Apollo Healing, arts, prophecy, law; a sun god Apollo
6
Artemis Hunting, women, wild nature Diana
7
Hephaestus Fire, metalworking Vulcan
8
Athena/Pallas War, learning, handicrafts Minerva
9
Ares War Mars
10 
Aphrodite Love, beauty, procreation Venus
11
Hermes Travellers, commerce; a herald and messenger of the gods Mercury
12
Hestia Hearth, the home Vesta
12 
Dionysius* Wine, intoxication, ritual madness Bacchus

Notes

* Replaced Hestia

Sources

March, J. A Concise Dictionary of Classical Mythology. London: Cassell & Co., 2001.

Seltman, C. The Twelve Olympians. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1962.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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