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The Greek Alphabet

Capital
Letter
Small
Letter
Name
Phonetic
Transcription
Phonetic
Description
A
α
alpha
[a]/[a:]
short and long low central vowels        
B
β
beta
[b]
voiced bilabial stop
Γ
ɣ
gamma
[g]
voiced velar stop
Δ
δ
delta
[d]
voiced dental stop
E
ε
epsilon
[e]
short mid front vowel
Z
ζ
zeta
[zd]
[z] + [d]
H
η
eta
[ę:]
long lower mid front vowel
Θ
θ
theta
[th]
voiceless aspirated dental stop
I
ι
iota
[i]/[i:]
short and long high front vowels
K
κ
kappa
[k]
voiceless velar stop
Λ
λ
lambda
[l]
voiced dental lateral liquid
M
μ
mu
[m]
voiced bilabial nasal
ν
nu
[n]
voiced dental nasal
Ξ
ξ
xi
[ks]
[k] + [s]
O
o
omicron
[o]
short mid back vowel
Π
π
pi
[p]
voiceless bilabial stop
P
ρ
rho
[r]
voiced dental liquid
Σ
σ
sigma
[s]
voiceless dental fricative
T
τ
tau
[t]
voiceless dental stop
Y
υ
upsilon
[ü]/[ü:]
short and long high front rounded vowels
Φ
φ
phi
[ph]
voiceless aspirated bilabial stop
X
χ
chi
[kh]
voiceless aspirated velar stop
Ψ
ψ
psi
[ps]
[p] + [s]
Ω
ω
omega
[ǫ]
long lower mid back vowel

Sources

Powell, B. P. Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Woodward, R. D., Greek Writing: from Knossos to Homer. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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