THE UNIVERSAL COMPENDIUM of Lists

Union Military Failures of 1861-62

Date Battle Name Location
Casualties
Commanders Result
Union
TOTAL: 2,896
Confederacy

21 July 1861

First Battle of Bull Run
(AKA Battle of First Manassas)

Manassas
Creek, VA

k: 460
w: 1,124
c/m: 1,312
TOTAL: 2,896

k: 387
w: 1,582,
c/m: 13
TOTAL: 1,982

Union:
Gen. Irvin McDowell
Confed:
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston/
Gen. Pierre G T Beauregard

Union Army of Potomac routed

6 Apr. 1862

Battle of Shiloh

Pittsburg
Landing, TN

TOTAL: 13,000

TOTAL: 10,700

Union:
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
Confed:
Gen. Albert S. Johnston

Draw

25 June-
1 July 1862

Seven Days Battles

Seven Pines, VA

k: 1,734
w: 8,062
c/m: 6,053
TOTAL: 15,849

k: 3,286
w: 15,909
c/m: 940
TOTAL: 20,135

Union:
Gen. George B. McClellan
Confed:
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston/
Gen. Robert E. Lee

Union defeat

29-30 Aug. 1862 

Second Bull Run (AKA Second Battle of Manassas)

Manassas
Creek, VA

k: 1,747
w: 8,452
c/m: 4,263
TOTAL: 14,462

k: 1,553
w: 7,812
m: 109
TOTAL: 9,474

Union:
Gen. George B. McClellan/
Maj. Gen. John Pope
Confed:
Gen. Robert E. Lee/
Gen. T.J. 'Stonewall' Jackson/
Gen. James Longstreet

Union defeat

17 Sept. 1862 

Battle of Antietam

near Sharpsburg, MD

TOTAL: 12,000
(k: 2,108)

TOTAL: 12,700
(k: min. 1,500)

Union:
Gen. George B. McClellan
Confed:
Gen. Robert E. Lee

Union victory

13 Dec. 1862 

Battle of Fredericksburg 

Fredericksburg, VA 

k: 1,284
w: 9,600
c/m: 1,769
TOTAL: 12,653 

k: 595
w: 4,061
c/m: 653
TOTAL: 5,309 

Union:
Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside
Confed:
Gen. Robert E. Lee  

Union defeat

Notes

1. Killed, wounded, captured/missing
2. Approximate

k = killed, w = wounded, c/m = captured/missing
 

Sources

Kutler, S. I., ed. Dictionary of American History, 3rd ed. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003.

Moore, J. H., ed. Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, vol. 1. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2008.


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