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De Havilland Aircraft in World War One

Model

Role

Powerplant

Armament

Maiden Flight*

Contractors with orders delivered

D.H.1

Two-seat trainer

1 x 80hp Renault

None

Late Jan 1915

Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 1; Savage: 99

D.H.1A

Two-seat fighter-reconnaissance aircraft

1 x 120hp Beardmore

1 x 0.303in Lewis mach. gun

 
 

D.H.2

Single-seat fighter 1 x 100hp Gnome Monosoupape, 110hp Le Rhone 9J or 110hp Clerget 9Z; 1 x 80hp Le Rhone 1 x 0.303in Lewis mach. gun. Some versions 2 x Lewis guns, others 6 x Le Prieur rockets 1 June 1915
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: possibly 454

D.H.3

Three-seat bomber 2 x 120hp Beardmore At least 2 x 0.303in Lewis mach. guns; bomb load < May 1916

D.H.3A

Three-seat bomber 2 x 160hp Beardmore    
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 1

D.H.4

Two-seat fighter-reconnaissance and bomber aircraft 1 x 200hp BHP, 230hp Galloway Adriatic, 230hp Siddeley Puma, 200hp RAF 3a, 260hp Fiat A-12, 250hp Rolls-Royce Marks I-IV (Eagles I-IV), 275hp Rolls-Royce Marks I-III (Eagles V-VII) or 375hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII; others for experimental aircraft Most with 1 x 0.303in Vickers mach. gun, synch. by Constantinesco CC gear; 1 x 0.303in Lewis gun, or a double-yoked pair, on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit; 2 x 230lb or 4 x 112lb bombs or equivalent.; others in experimental installations Mid-Aug. 1916
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 913; F. W. Berwick: 100; Westland: 175; Glendower: 101; Vulcan: 100; Palladium: 147

D.H.4 (American) 

Two-seat fighter-reconnaissance and bomber aircraft 1 x 400hp Liberty 12 2 x 0.3in Marlin mach. guns synch. by Nelson Gun Control; 2 x 0.3in Lewis guns on Scarff ring mounting; bomb load Feb. 1918
Dayton-Wright: 3,100?; Fisher Body Corp.: 1,600; Standard Aircraft: 140

D.H.5

Single-seat fighter 1 x 110hp Le Rhône 9J, 110hp Clerget 9Z or 100hp Gnome Monosoupape 9N 1 x 0.303in Vickers mach. gun synch. by Constantinesco CC gear; 4 x 25lb bombs Autumn 1916
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 200; Darracq: 200; Marsh, Jones & Cribb: 100; British Caudron: 50

D.H.6

Two-seat trainer and coastal patrol/anti-submarine aircraft 1 x 90hp RAF la, 90hp Curtiss OX-5 or 80hp Renault A Lewis mach. gun could be mounted on the rear cockpit. Bomb load of about 100lb on anti-submarine Early 1917
Grahame-White: 750; Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 602; Ransomes, Sims & Jeffries: 250; Morgan: 200; Gloucester: 150; Kingsbury: 150; Harland & Wolff: 100; Savages: 100; Canadian Aeroplanes: 1

D.H.7†

Single-seat fighter Either 1 x 200hp BHP or 1 x 190hp Rolls-Royce (Falcon) engine N/A N/A
N/A

D.H.8†

Single-seat pusher N/A unspecified 1½pdr gun N/A
N/A

D.H.9

Two-seat bomber-reconnaissance aircraft 1 x 230hp Siddeley Puma, 290hp Siddeley Puma (high-compression), 230hp Galloway Adriatic or 260hp Fiat A-12; other for experimental aircraft 1 x 0.303in Vickers mach. gun synch. by Constantinesco CC gear; 1 x 0.303in Lewis mach. gun on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit; bomb load of 2 x 230lb or 4 x 112lb bombs, or equivalent weight Aug. 1917
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 1,262; Waring & Gillow (Alliance): 845; NAF 2: 444; Weir: 385; Cubitt: 246; Berwick: 160; Westland: 148?; Mann, Egerton: 100; Short Bros.: 100; Vulcan: 100; Whitehead: 100

D.H.9A

Two-seat bomber-reconnaissance aircraft 1 x 375hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII or 400hp Liberty 12 1 x fixed 0.303in Vickers mach. gun synch. by Constantinesco CC gear; 1 x 0.303in Lewis mach. gun on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit; bomb load 660lb Feb. 1918
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 570; Westland: 352; Whitehead: 340; Vulcan: 220; Mann, Egerton: 150; Berwick: 140

USD-9A

Two-seat bomber-reconnaissance aircraft 1 x 400hp Liberty 12 1 x fixed 0.3in Browning mach. gun synch. by Nelson Gun Control; 2 x 0.3in Lewis mach. guns on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit; normal bomb load up to 550lb (typically 2 x 110lb and 6 x 50lb bombs) c. 20 July 1918
Possibly Dayton-Wright and the Curtiss Corp.

D.H.10 &
D.H.10A Amiens

Three-seat bomber Amiens Mk. I: 2 x 230hp Siddeley Puma; Amiens Mk. II: 2 x 375hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII; Amiens Mks. III, IIIa: 2 x 400hp Liberty 12; Amiens Mk. IIIc: 2 x 375hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII 3-5 0.303in Lewis mach. guns, one or two on Scarff ring mounting on bow cockpit, one or two on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit and one floor-mounted to fire aft under the tail; bomb load up to six 230lb bombs or equivalent Amiens Mk. I: 4 March 1918; Amiens Mk. II: 20 April 1918; Amiens Mks. III, IIIa: mid-June 1918; Amiens Mk. IIIc: mid-1918
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 144; Birmingham Carriage: 19; Siddeley Deasy: 28; Daimler: 40; NAF2: 7; Mann, Egerton: 32
D.H.11 Oxford Three-seat bomber 2 x 320hp ABC Dragonfly 2 x 0.303in Lewis mach. guns, both on Scarff ring mountings, one on bow cockpit, the other on dorsal cockpit; bomb load about 1,000lb Jan. 1920
Aircraft Mfg. Co.: 1
D.H.14 Okapi,
D.H.14A G-EAPY
Two-seat bomber 1 x 600hp Rolls-Royce Condor 1 x fixed 0.303in Vickers mach. gun synch. by Constantinesco CC gear; 2 x 0.303in Lewis
mach. guns on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit; 6 x 112lb bombs or equivalent
Late Sept. 1920
Airco:‡ 2 (D.H.14 Okapi)
D.H.15 Gazelle Two-seat bomber-reconnaissance aircraft

1 x 500hp Galloway Atlantic

 

1 x fixed 0.303in Vickers mach. gun synch. by Constantinesco CC gear; 1 x 0.303in Lewis mach. gun on Scarff ring mounting on rear cockpit; bomb load 660lb July 1919
1

Notes

* Approximate
† Design only
‡ Previously known as The Aircraft Manufacturing Company

Sources

Bruce, J. M. De Havilland Aircraft of World War I. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1991.



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