THE UNIVERSAL COMPENDIUM of Lists

The International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War

Brigade¹ 

Created

Other Name

Battalions and Main Members

Changes/Transfers

XI

Oct. 1936 

La Thaelmann

Edgar André: Germans
Commune de Paris: French and Belgians
Dabrowski: Poles, Hungarians, Yugoslavs
Hans Beimler: Germans
12 de Febrero: Germans

· Commune de Paris to XIV Brigade
· Dabrowski to XII and 150 brigades
· From March 1938, the XI, XIII and XV brigades became the 35 Division

XII

Nov. 1936

La Garibaldi

Thaelmann: Germans
Garibaldi: Italians
André Marty: French and Belgians

· Thaelmann to XI Brigade
· André Marty to 150, XII and XIV brigades
· From March 1938, the XII and XIV brigades became the 42 Brigade

XIII

Dec. 1936

La Dabrowski

Louis Michel: French and Belgians
Tchapaeiv/The 21 Nations: Balkans
Henri Vuillemin: French
Miskiewicz-Palafox: Poles

· Louis Michel to XIV Brigade
· Tchapaeiv to 129 Brigade
· Henri Vuillemin to XIV Brigade
· From March 1938, the XI, XIII and XV brigades became the 35 Division

XIV

Jan. 1937

La Marsellesa

Nuevas Naciones: French
Domingo Germinal: Spaniards
Henri Barbusse: French
Pierre Brachet: French
Vaillant-Couturiez: French

From March 1938, the XII and XIV brigades became the 42 Brigade

XV

Feb. 1937

La Lincoln-Washington 

Dimitrov: Yugoslavs
Británcio/Saklatvala: British and others from Commonwealth countries
6 de Febrero: French
Lincoln: Americans, Canadians and Cubans
Washington: Americans
Mackenzie-Papineau: Canadians
Spanish: Latin Americans

· Dimitrov to 150 and XIII brigades
· 6 de febrero to XIV Brigade
· The Lincoln and Washington later merged
· From March 1938, the XI, XIII and XV brigades became the 35 Division

150

June-July
1937

 

Rakosi: Hungarians and Spaniards
Palafox: Central Europeans and Spaniards

 

129

Feb. 1938

 

Masaryk: Czechoslovakians
Djakovic: Bulgarians and Yugoslavs

Assigned to the 45 Division


Notes

1. Other smaller, short-term/temporary brigades and battalions do not appear on this list.

Sources

Florentín, M. Brigadas internacionales. Historia y vida, 2007, no. 445, pp.84-93.

(Translation by M Gaxiola)


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