THE UNIVERSAL COMPENDIUM of Lists





Nations of the World

Nation
Official Name Location                              Area Capital City Government Head/Chief
of State
Head of Government  Currency
Afghanistan



Islamic Republic of Afghanistan southern Asia, bordering Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan, Iran and Turkmenistan 249,347 sq mi,
645,807 sq km
Kabul Islamic republic president president afghani
Albania

Republic of Albania south-eastern Europe, bordering Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece and Mediterranean Sea 11,082 sq mi,
28,703 sq km
Tirana unitary multi-party republic with one legislative house president prime minister lek
Algeria



People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria northern Africa, bordering Mediterranean Sea, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco 919,595 sq mi,
2,381,741 sq km
Algiers multi-party republic president prime minister Algerian dinar
Andorra



Principality of Andorra south-western Europe, between France and Spain 179 sq mi,
464 sq km
Andorra la Vella parliamentary co-principality president of France and bishop of Urgell chief executive euro
Angola



Republic of Angola southern Africa, bordering
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Namibia and the Atlantic Ocean
481,354 sq mi,
1,246,700 sq km
Luanda unitary multiparty republic president president kwanza
Antigua and Barbuda*



Antigua and Barbuda eastern Caribbean Sea 171 sq mi,
442 sq km
Saint John's constitutional
monarchy
British monarch prime minister East Caribbean dollar
Argentina



Argentine Republic southern South America, bordering Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, South Atlantic Ocean and Chile 1,073,519 sq mi,
2,780,403 sq km
Buenos Aires federal republic president president Argentine peso
Armenia



Republic of
Armenia
south-western
Asia, bordering Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey
11,484 sq mi,
29,743 sq km 
Yerevan unitary multi
party republic
president prime minister dram
Australia*



Commonwealth of Australia Oceania, between Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean 2,969,978 sq mi,
7,692,208 sq km
Canberra federal parliamentary democracy British monarch prime minister Australian dollar
Austria


Republic of Austria central Europe, bordering Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany 32,383 sq mi,
83,871 sq km
Vienna federal republic president chancellor euro
Azerbaijan



Republic of
Azerbaijan
eastern Transcaucasia, bordering Russia, Caspian Sea, Iran, Turkey, Armenia and Georgia 33,400 sq mi,
86,600 sq km
Baku unitary multi-party republic president president manat
Bahamas*



Commonwealth of The Bahamas chain of islands in Caribbean Sea, southeast of Florida 5,382 sq mi,
13,939 sq km
Nassau constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister Bahamian dollar
Bahrain



Kingdom of
Bahrain
Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia 278 sq mi,
720 sq km
Manama constitutional monarchy king prime minister Bahrain dinar
Bangladesh



People’s Republic of Bangladesh South Asia, bordering India, Myanmar and Bay of Bengal 56,977 sq mi,
147,570 sq km
Dhaka unitary multi-party republic president prime minister taka
Barbados*



Barbados Caribbean Sea, northeast of Venezuela 166 sq mi,
430 sq km
Bridgetown constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister Barbados dollar
Belarus



Republic of Belarus eastern Europe, bordering Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland and Lithuania 80,153 sq mi,
207,595 sq km
Minsk republic president president Belarusian ruble
Belgium



Kingdom of Belgium western Europe, bordering The Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France and North Sea 11,787 sq mi,
30,528 sq km
Brussels federal constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister euro
Belize*



Belize Central America, bordering Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Guatemala 8,867 sq mi,
22,965 sq km
Belmopan constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister Belize dollar
Benin



Republic of
Benin
western Africa, bordering Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Atlantic Ocean and Togo 43,484 sq mi,
112,622 sq km
Porto-Novo multi-party republic president president CFA franc
Bhutan



Kingdom of Bhutan southern Asia, bordering China and India 14,824 sq mi,
38,394 sq km
Thimphu constitutional monarchy king prime minister ngultrum
Bolivia



Republic of Bolivia central South America, bordering Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru 424,164 sq mi,
1,098,581 sq km
La Paz unitary multi-party republic president president boliviano
Bosnia and Herzegovina



Bosnia and Herzegovina south-eastern Europe, bordering Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro and Adriatic Sea 19,772 sq mi,
51,209 sq km
Sarajevo federal multi-party republic tripartite president prime minister marka
Botswana



Republic of Botswana southern Africa, bordering Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa 224,848 sq mi,
582,356 sq km
Gaborone multi-party republic president president pula
Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil eastern South America, bordering Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru and Colombia 3,287,612 sq mi,
8,514,877 sq km
Brasilia multi-party federal republic president president real
Brunei



State of Brunei, Abode of Peace south-eastern Asia, bordering South China Sea and Malaysia 2,226 sq mi,
5,765 sq km
Bandar Seri
Begawan
monarchy sultan sultan Brunei dollar
Bulgaria



Republic of Bulgaria south-eastern Europe, bordering Romania, Black Sea, Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia 42,858.1 sq mi,
111,002 sq km
Sofia unitary multi-party republic president prime minister lev
Burkina Faso



Burkina Faso western Africa, bordering Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire 103,456 sq mi,
267,950 sq km
Ouagadougou multi-party republic president prime minister CFA franc
Burundi



Republic of Burundi central Africa, bordering Rwanda, Tanzania, Lake Tanganyika and Democratic Republic of the Congo 10,740 sq mi,
27,816 sq km
Bujumbura republic president president Burundi franc
Cambodia



Kingdom of Cambodia south-eastern Asia, bordering Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Gulf of Thailand 69,898 sq mi,
181,035 sq km
Phnom Penh constitutional monarchy king prime minister riel
Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon western Africa, bordering Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Bight of Biafra and Nigeria 183,569 sq mi,
475,442 sq km
Yaoundé unitary multi-party republic president prime minister CFA franc
Canada*



Canada northern North America, bordering Arctic Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, USA and North Pacific Ocean 3,855,103 sq mi,
9,984,670 sq km
Ottawa federal multi-party parliamentary State British monarch prime minister Canadian dollar
Cape Verde



Republic of
Cape Verde
off the coast of western Africa; 10 islands in North Atlantic Ocean 1,557 sq mi,
4,033 sq km
Praia multi-party republic president prime minister escudo
Central African Republic



Central African Republic central Africa, bordering Chad, The Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo and Cameroon 240,324 sq mi,
622,436 sq km
Bangui multi-party republic president prime minister CFA franc
Chad

Republic of Chad central Africa, bordering Libya, The Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and
Niger
495,755 sq mi,
1,284,000 sq km
N'Djamena unitary republic president prime minister CFA franc
Chile

Republic of Chile southern South America, bordering Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, South Atlantic Ocean and South Pacific Ocean 291,930 sq mi,
756,096 sq km
Santiago multi-party republic president president Chilean peso
China

People’s Republic of China eastern Asia, bordering Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan 3,696,100 sq mi,
9,572,900 sq km
Beijing single-party
people's republic
president premier yuan
Colombia

Republic of
Colombia
northern South America, bordering Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Pacific Ocean and Panama 440,762 sq mi,
1,141,568 sq km
Bogotá unitary multi-party republic president president Colombian peso
Comoros



Union of the Comoros western Indian Ocean, between Madagascar and
Mozambique
719 sq mi,
1,862 sq km
Moroni republic president president Comorian franc
Democratic Republic of the Congo



Democratic Republic of the Congo central Africa, bordering Central African Republic, The Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, South Atlantic Ocean and Republic of the Congo 905,355 sq mi,
2,344,858 sq km
Kinshasa unitary multi-party republic president prime minister Congolese franc
Republic of the Congo



Republic of the Congo west-central Africa, bordering Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, South Atlantic Ocean and Gabon 132,047 sq mi,
342,000 sq km
Brazzaville republic president president CFA franc
Costa Rica



Republic of
Costa Rica
Central America, bordering Nicaragua, Caribbean Sea, Panama and North Pacific Ocean 19,730 sq mi,
51,100 sq km
San José unitary multi-party republic president president Costa Rican colón
Côte d'Ivoire



Republic of Côte d’Ivoire western Africa, bordering Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Atlantic Ocean, Liberia and Guinea 123,863 sq mi,
320,803 sq km
Abidjan transitional regime president president CFA franc
Croatia

Republic of Croatia south-eastern Europe, bordering Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Adriatic Sea 21,851 sq mi,
56,594 sq km
Zagreb multi-party republic president prime minister Kuna
Cuba



Republic of Cuba island southeast of Florida, between North Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea 42,804 sq mi,
110,861 sq km
Havana unitary socialist
republic
president president Cuban peso
Cyprus


·····
Northern Cyprus



Republic of Cyprus
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Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Middle East, island in Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey 2,276 sq mi,
5, 896 sq km
·····
1,295 sq mi,
3,355 sq km
Lefkosia (Nicosia) unitary multi-party republic
·····
republic
president
·····
president
president
·····
president
euro
·····
new Turkish lira
Czech Republic



Czech Republic central Europe, bordering Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria 30,450 sq mi,
78,866 sq km
Prague unitary multi-party republic president prime minister koruna
Denmark

Kingdom of Denmark northern Europe, bordering North Sea, Baltic Sea and Germany 16,640 sq mi,
43,098 sq km
(excluding Faroe
Islands and
Greenland)
Copenhagen constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister Danish krone
Djibouti



Republic of Djibouti eastern Africa, bordering Eritrea, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Somalia and Ethiopia  8,950 sq mi,
23,200 sq km
Djibouti multi-party republic president president Djibouti franc
Dominica



Commonwealth of Dominica island in southern Caribbean Sea, south of Guadeloupe, north of Martinique 290 sq mi,
750 sq km
Roseau multi-party republic president prime minister East Caribbean dollar
Dominican Republic



Dominican Republic eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, bordered by North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Haiti 18,792 sq mi,
48,671 sq km 
Santo Domingo multi-party republic president president Dominican peso
East Timor

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste southeast Asia, eastern end of island of Timor plus exclave on western end, bordering Timor Sea and Indonesia 5,760 sq mi,
14,919 sq km
Dili republic president prime minister US dollar
Ecuador



Republic of
Ecuador
north-western South
America, bordering Colombia, Peru and Pacific Ocean
105,037 sq mi,
272,045 sq km
Quito unitary multi-party republic president president US dollar
Egypt



Arab Republic of Egypt northern Africa, bordering Mediterranean Sea, Gaza Strip, Israel, Red Sea, The Sudan and Libya 385,229 sq mi,
997,739 sq km
Cairo republic president prime minister Egyptian pound
El Salvador



Republic of
El Salvador
Central America, bordering Guatemala, Honduras and North Pacific Ocean 8,124 sq mi,
21,041 sq km
San Salvador republic president president US dollar/colón
Equatorial Guinea



Republic of Equatorial Guinea western Africa, mainland portion bordering Cameroon, Gabon and Bight of Biafra 10,831 sq mi,
28,051 sq km
Malabo republic president prime minister CFA franc
Eritrea



State of Eritrea Horn of Africa, bordering The Sudan, Red Sea, Djibouti and Ethiopia 46,774 sq mi,
121,144 sq km
Asmara Transitional regime president president nafka
Estonia



Republic of Estonia eastern Europe, bordering Gulf of Finland, Russia, Latvia, Gulf of Riga and Baltic Sea 17,462 sq mi,
45,227 sq km
Tallinn unitary multi-party republic president prime minister kroon
Ethiopia



Federal Democratic Republic of
Ethiopia
Horn of Africa, bordering Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and The Sudan 435,186 sq mi,
1,127,127 sq km
Addis Ababa federal republic president prime minister birr
Fiji



Republic of the Fiji Islands archipelago in South Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and New Zealand 7,055 sq mi,
18,272 sq km 
Suva military regime president prime minister Fijian dollar
Finland



Republic of Finland  northern Europe, bordering Norway, Russia, Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden 130,559 sq mi,
338,145 sq km
(including inland
water area) 
Helsinki multi-party republic president prime minister euro
France

French Republic western Europe, bordering North Atlantic Ocean, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Mediterranean Sea, Spain and Andorra  210,026 sq mi,
543,965 sq km
Paris republic president prime minister euro
Gabon



Gabonese Republic western Africa, bordering Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, South Atlantic Ocean and Equatorial Guinea  103,347 sq mi,
267,667 sq km
Libreville unitary multi-party republic president prime minister CFA franc
Gambia



The Republic of The Gambia western Africa, bordering Senegal and North Atlantic Ocean  4,127 sq mi,
10,689 sq km 
(including inland
water area)
Banjul multi-party republic president president dalasi
Georgia



Georgia Caucasus region of south-western Asia, bordering Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey and Black Sea 27,086 sq mi,
70,152 sq km
Tbilisi unitary multi-party republic president president Georgian lari
Germany

Federal
Republic of Germany
central Europe, bordering Denmark, Baltic Sea, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, The Netherlands and North Sea  137,856 sq mi,
357,046 sq km
Berlin federal multi-party republic president chancellor euro
Ghana



Republic of Ghana western Africa, bordering Burkina Faso, Togo, Atlantic Ocean and Côte d’Ivoire 92,098 sq mi,
238,533 sq km
Accra unitary multi-party republic president president cedi
Greece



Hellenic Republic southern Europe, bordering Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey and Mediterranean Sea 50,949 sq mi,
131,957 sq km
Athens unitary multi-party republic president prime minister euro
Grenada*



Grenada island between Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago 133 sq mi,
344 sq km
Saint George's constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister East Caribbean dollar
Guatemala



Republic of
Guatemala
Central America, bordering Mexico, Belize, Caribbean Sea, Honduras, El Salvador and Pacific Ocean 42,130 sq mi,
109,117 sq km
Guatemala City republic president president quetzal
Guinea

Republic of
Guinea 
western Africa, bordering Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra
Leone and North Atlantic Ocean 
94,918 sq mi,
245,836 sq km
Conakry military regime president president Guinean franc
Guinea-Bissau



Republic of Guinea-Bissau western Africa, bordering Senegal, Guinea and North Atlantic Ocean 13,948 sq mi,
36,125 sq km
Bissau republic president president CFA franc
Guyana



Co-operative Republic of Guyana northern South America, bordering North Atlantic
Ocean, Suriname, Brazil and Venezuela
83,012 sq mi,
214,999 sq km
Georgetown unitary multi-party republic president president Guyanese dollar
Haiti



Republic of Haiti western third of island of Hispaniola, bordered by North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Dominican Republic 10,695 sq mi,
27,700 sq km
Port-au-Prince republic president prime minister gourde
Honduras



Republic of
Honduras
Central America, bordering Caribbean Sea, Nicaragua, North Pacific Ocean, El Salvador and Guatemala  43,433 sq mi,
112,492 sq km
Tegucigalpa multi-party republic president president lempira
Hungary



Republic of Hungary central Europe, bordering Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria 35,919 sq mi,
93,030 sq km
Budapest unitary multi-party republic president prime minister forint
Iceland



Republic of Iceland northern Europe, island between Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea and North Atlantic Ocean 39,741 sq mi,
102,928 sq km
Reykjavik unitary multi-party republic president prime minister króna
India



Republic of India southern Asia, bordering Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Indian Ocean 1,222,559 sq mi,
3,166,414 sq km
New Delhi multi-party federal republic president prime minister Indian rupee
Indonesia



Republic of Indonesia archipelago in southeast Asia, bordering Malaysia, Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea and Indian Ocean 718,289 sq mi,
1,860,360 sq km 
Jakarta multi-party republic president president Indonesian rupiah
Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran Middle East, bordering Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia 628,789 sq mi,
1,628,554 sq km
Tehran unitary Islamic
republic
president president Iranian rial
Iraq



Republic of
Iraq
Middle East, bordering Turkey, Iran, Persian Gulf, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria 167,618 sq mi,
434,128 sq km 
Baghdad multi-party republic president prime minister Iraqi dinar
Ireland



Ireland western Europe, bordering UK (Northern Ireland), Irish Sea, Celtic Sea and North Atlantic Ocean 27,133 sq mi,
70,273 sq km
Dublin unitary multi-party republic president prime minister euro
Israel

State of Israel Middle East, bordering Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, West Bank, Egypt, Gaza Strip and Mediterranean Sea 8,357 sq mi,
21,643 sq km
(excludes West
Bank and Gaza
Strip)
Jerusalem
(de facto)
multi-party republic president prime minister new Israeli shekel
Italy



Italian Republic southern Europe, bordering Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Mediterranean Sea and France 116,346 sq mi,
301,336 sq km
Rome republic president prime minister euro
Jamaica*



Jamaica island in Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba 4,244 sq mi,
10,991 sq km
Kingston constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister Jamaican dollar
Japan



Japan eastern Asia, island chain between North Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan 145,898 sq mi,
377,873 sq km
Tokyo constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister yen
Jordan



Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Middle East, bordering Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Gulf of Aqaba, Israel and Palestine 34,277 sq mi,
88,778 sq km
Amman constitutional monarchy king king Jordanian dinar
Kazakhstan

Republic of
Kazakhstan
central Asia, bordering Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Aral Sea, Turkmenistan and Caspian Sea 1,052,100 sq mi,
2,724,900 sq km
Astana unitary republic president president tenge
Kenya



Republic of Kenya eastern Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Indian Ocean, Tanzania, Uganda and The Sudan 224,961 sq mi,
582,646 sq km
Nairobi unitary multi-party republic president president Kenya shilling
Kiribati



Republic of Kiribati western Pacific Ocean, south of Hawaiian Islands 312.9 sq mi,
810.5 sq km
Bairiki unitary republic president president Australian dollar
Kosovo



Republic of Kosovo south-eastern Europe, bordering Serbia, Macedonia, Albania and Montenegro  4,212 sq mi,
10,908 sq km
Pristina multi-party transitional republic president prime minister euro
Kuwait



State of Kuwait Middle East, bordering Iraq, Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia 6,880 sq mi,
17,818 sq km
Kuwait (city) constitutional monarchy emir emir Kuwaiti dinar
Kyrgyzstan



Kyrgyz Republic central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan  76,641 sq mi,
198,500 sq km
Bishkek unitary multi-party republic president president som
Laos



Lao People’s Democratic Republic south-eastern Asia, bordering China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar 91,429 sq mi,
236,800 sq km
Vientiane unitary single-party people's republic president prime minister kip
Latvia



Republic of Latvia eastern Europe, bordering Estonia, Russia, Belarus, Lithuania and Baltic Sea 24,938 sq mi,
64,589 sq km
Riga unitary multi-party republic president prime minister lats
Lebanon



Lebanese Republic Middle East, bordering Syria, Israel and Mediterranean Sea 4,016 sq mi,
10,400 sq km
Beirut unitary multi-party republic president prime minister Lebanese pound
Lesotho



Kingdom of Lesotho southern Africa, surrounded by South Africa 11,720 sq mi,
30,355 sq km
Maseru constitutional monarchy king president loti
Liberia



Republic of Liberia western Africa, bordering Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, North Atlantic Ocean and Sierra Leone 37,743 sq mi,
97,754 sq km
Monrovia multi-party republic president president Liberian dollar
Libya

Socialist People’s
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
northern Africa, bordering Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, The Sudan, Chad, Niger, Algeria and Tunisia 679,362 sq mi,
1,759,540 sq km
Tripoli authoritarian state de facto leader; secretary of the General People's Congress secretary of the General People’s Committee Libyan dinar
Liechtenstein



Principality
of Liechtenstein
central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland  62.0 sq mi,
160.5 sq km
Vaduz constitutional monarchy prince prime minister Swiss franc
Lithuania



Republic of
Lithuania
eastern Europe, bordering Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Russia and Baltic Sea 25,212 sq mi,
65,300 sq km
Vilnius unitary multi-party republic president prime minister litas
Luxembourg



Grand Duchy
of Luxembourg
western Europe, bordering Belgium, Germany and France 999 sq mi,
2,586 sq km
Luxembourg constitutional monarchy grand duke prime minister euro
Macedonia



Republic of Macedonia south-eastern Europe, bordering Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Albania  9,928 sq mi,
25,713 sq km
Skopje unitary multi-party republic president prime minister denar
Madagascar



Republic of
Madagascar
island in Indian Ocean, east of the mainland of southern Africa  226,662 sq mi,
587,051 sq km
Antananarivo multiparty republic president president ariary
Malawi



Republic of Malawi south-eastern Africa, bordering Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia 45,747 sq mi,
118,484 sq km
Lilongwe multi-party republic president president Malawian kwacha
Malaysia

Malaysia south-eastern Asia, on Malay Peninsula and northern third of Borneo, bordering Thailand, South China Sea, Brunei and Indonesia  127,366 sq mi,
329,876 sq km
Kuala Lumpur federal constitutional monarchy paramount ruler (Yang di-Pertuan Agong) prime minister ringgit
Maldives



Republic of Maldives islands in Indian Ocean, south of India 115 sq mi,
298 sq km
Male multi-party republic president president rufiyaa
Mali



Republic of Mali  western Africa, bordering Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania 482,077 sq mi,
1,248,574 sq km
Bamako multi-party republic president prime minister CFA franc
Malta



Republic of Malta islands in Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily 121.9 sq mi,
315.6 sq km
Valletta unitary multi-party republic president prime minister euro
Marshall Islands



Republic of the
Marshall Islands
Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in North Pacific Ocean, halfway between Hawaii and Papua New Guinea 70.05 sq mi,
181.43 sq km
Majuro unitary republic president president US dollar
Mauritania



Islamic Republic of Mauritania northern Africa, bordering Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, Senegal and North Atlantic Ocean 398,000 sq mi,
1,030,700 sq km
Nouakchott military junta president prime minister ouguiya
Mauritius



Republic of Mauritius island in Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar 788 sq mi,
2,040 sq km
Port Louis republic president prime minister Mauritian rupee
Mexico

United Mexican States middle America, bordering USA, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Belize, Guatemala and North Pacific Ocean 758,450 sq mi,
1,964,375 sq km
Mexico City federal republic president president Mexican peso
Federated States of Micronesia



Federated States of Micronesia Oceania, island group in North Pacific Ocean,
northeast of New Guinea 
270.8 sq mi,
701.4 sq km
Palikir federal non-party republic in free association with the USA president president US dollar
Moldova



Republica Moldova eastern Europe, bordering Ukraine and Romania 13,067 sq mi,
33,843 sq km
Chisinau unitary parliamentary republic president prime minister Moldovan leu
Monaco



Principality of
Monaco
western Europe, bordering Mediterranean Sea and France 0.76 sq mi,
1.97 sq km
none constitutional monarchy prince minister of state euro
Mongolia



Mongolia north-central Asia, bordering Russia and China 603,930 sq mi,
1,564,160 sq km
Ulaanbaatar unitary multi-party republic president prime minister tugrik
Montenegro



Republic of Montenegro south-eastern Europe, bordering Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and Mediterranean Sea 5,333 sq mi,
13,812 sq km
Podgorica multi-party republic president prime minister euro
Morocco

Kingdom of Morocco northern Africa, bordering Mediterranean Sea, Ceuta and Melilla (Spain), Algeria, Mauritania and North Atlantic Ocean 274,461 sq mi,
710,850 sq km
(includes Western
Sahara)
Rabat constitutional monarchy king king Moroccan dirham
Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique southern Africa, bordering Tanzania, Indian Ocean, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi 308,642 sq mi,
799,379 sq km
Maputo multi-party republic president president metical
Myanmar



Union of Myanmar  south-eastern Asia, bordering China, Laos, Thailand, Andaman Sea, Bay of Bengal Bangladesh and India 261,228 sq mi,
676,577 sq km 
Naypyidaw parliamentary government president president Myanmar kyat
Namibia



Republic of Namibia south-western Africa, bordering Angola, Zambia, Botswana, South Africa and Atlantic Ocean 318,193 sq mi,
824,116 sq km
Windhoek republic president president Namibian dollar
Nauru



Republic of Nauru western Pacific Ocean, near the equator, east of Papua New Guinea 8.2 sq mi,
21.2 sq km
Yaren District
(unofficial)
republic president president Nauruan dollar
Nepal



Federal Democratic Republic of
Nepal
south-central Asia, bordering China and India 56,827 sq mi,
147,181 sq km
Kathmandu multi-party republic president prime minister Nepalese rupee
Netherlands



Kingdom of The Netherlands north-western Europe, bordering North Sea, Germany and Belgium 16,034 sq mi,
41,528 sq km
Amsterdam constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister euro
New Zealand*



New Zealand between South Pacific Ocean and Tasman Sea, southeast of Australia 104,515 sq mi,
270,692 sq km. 
Wellington constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister New Zealand dollar
Nicaragua



Republic of
Nicaragua
Central America, bordering Honduras, Caribbean Sea, Costa Rica and North Pacific Ocean 50,337 sq mi,
130,373 sq km
Managua unitary multi-party republic president president córdoba
Niger



Republic of
Niger
western Africa, bordering Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso and Mali 459,286 sq mi,
1,189,546 sq km
Niamey multi-party republic president president CFA franc
Nigeria



Federal Republic of Nigeria western Africa, bordering Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Gulf of Guinea and Benin  356,669 sq mi,
923,768 sq km
Abuja federal republic president president naira
North Korea



Democratic People’s Republic of Korea eastern Asia, bordering China, Russia, Sea of Japan, South Korea and Yellow Sea 47,399 sq mi,
122,762 sq km
P'yongyang unitary single-party republic chairman of the National Defence Commission chairman of the National Defence Commission North Korean won
Norway



Kingdom of Norway northern Europe, bordering Barents Sea, Russia, Finland, Sweden, North Sea and Norwegian Sea 148,726 sq mi,
385,199 sq km
Oslo constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister Norwegian krone
Oman



Sultanate of Oman Middle East, bordering Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and UAE 119,500 sq mi,
309,500 sq km
Muscat   monarchy sultan/prime minister sultan/prime minister Omani rial
Pakistan



Islamic
Republic of Pakistan
southern Asia, bordering China, India, Arabian
Sea, Iran and Afghanistan
307,374 sq mi,
796,096 sq km
(excludes Jammu
and Kashmir)
Islamabad federal republic president president Pakistani rupee
Palau



Republic of Palau island group in North Pacific Ocean, east of Philippines 188 sq mi,
488 sq km
Melekeok republic president president US dollar
Panama



Republic of
Panama
Central America, bordering Caribbean Sea, Colombia, North Pacific Ocean and Costa Rica 28,973 sq mi,
75,040 sq km
Panama City multi-party republic president president balboa
Papua New Guinea*

Independent State of Papua New Guinea group of islands, including eastern half of New Guinea island; in South Pacific Ocean near Equator, bordering Indonesia and to north of Australia 178,704 sq mi,
462,840 sq km
Port Moresby constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister kina
Paraguay



Republic of Paraguay central South America, bordering Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia 157,048 sq mi,
406,752 sq km
Asunción multi-party republic president president guaraní
Peru



Republic of Peru western South America, bordering Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and South Pacific Ocean 496,218 sq mi,
1,285,198 sq km
Lima unitary multi-party republic president president nuevo sol
Philippines



Republic of the Philippines south-eastern Asia, archipelago between Philippine Sea and South China Sea, east of Vietnam 122,121 sq mi,
316,294 sq km
Manila unitary republic president president Philippine piso
Poland



Republic of
Poland
central Europe, bordering Baltic Sea, Russia Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, Czech Republic and Germany 120,726 sq mi,
312,679 sq km
Warsaw unitary multi-party republic president prime minister zloty
Portugal

Portuguese Republic south-western Europe, bordering Spain and North Atlantic Ocean 35,556 sq mi,
92,090 sq km
Lisbon republic president prime minister euro
Qatar



State of Qatar Middle East, bordering Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia 4,184 sq mi,
10,836 sq km 
Doha constitutional
emirate
emir emir riyal
Romania



Romania south-eastern Europe, bordering Ukraine, Moldova, Black Sea, Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary  92,043 sq mi,
238,391 sq km
Bucharest unitary republic president prime minister Romanian leu
Russia

Russian Federation eastern Europe and northern Asia, bordering Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, North Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Black Sea, Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Norway 6,592,800 sq mi,
17,075,400 sq km 
Moskva federal multi-party republic president prime minister ruble
Rwanda



Republic of Rwanda east-central Africa, bordering Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and Democratic Republic of the Congo  10,185 sq mi,
26,379 sq km
Kigali multi-party republic president president Rwandan franc
Saint Kitts and Nevis*



Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis islands in Caribbean Sea, between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago  104.0 sq mi,
269.4 sq km
Basseterre federated
constitutional monarchy
British monarch prime minister East Caribbean dollar
Saint Lucia*



Saint Lucia island between Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago 238 sq mi,
617 sq km
Castries constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister East Caribbean dollar
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines*



Saint Vincent and the Grenadines islands in Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago 150.3 sq mi,
389.3 sq km. 
Kingstown   constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister East Caribbean dollar
Samoa



Independent State of Samoa group of islands in South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand 1,093 sq mi,
2,831 sq km
Apia parliamentary democracy/
constitutional monarchy
head of state prime minister tala
San Marino



Republic of
San Marino
southern Europe, surrounded by Italy 23.63 sq mi,
61.20 sq km
San Marino unitary multi-party republic two captains-regent two captains-regent euro
São Tomé and
Príncipe



Democratic Republic of São Tomé and
Príncipe
islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator west of Gabon  386 sq mi,
1,001 sq km
Sao Tome multi-party republic president prime minister dobra
Saudi Arabia



Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Middle East, bordering Iraq, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Qatar, UAE, Oman, Yemen, Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba and Jordan  830,000 sq mi,
2,149,690 sq km
Riyadh monarchy king king Saudi riyal
Senegal



Republic of
Senegal
western Africa, bordering Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, North Atlantic Ocean and The Gambia  75,955 sq mi,
197,021 sq km
Dakar multi-party republic president president CFA franc
Serbia

Republic of Serbia south-eastern Europe, bordering Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Hungary 29, 913 sq mi,
77,474 sq km
Belgrade republic president prime minister Serbian dinar
Seychelles



Republic of
Seychelles 
group of islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar 176 sq mi,
455 sq km
Victoria multi-party republic president president Seychelles rupee
Sierra Leone



Republic of Sierra Leone western Africa, bordering Guinea, Liberia and North Atlantic Ocean 27,699 sq mi,
71,740 sq km
Freetown republic president president leone
Singapore



Republic of Singapore south-eastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia 271.8 sq mi,
704.0 sq km
Singapore unitary multi-party republic president prime minister Singapore dollar
Slovakia



Slovak Republic central Europe, bordering Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Austria and Czech Republic 18,933 sq mi,
49,035 sq km
Bratislava unitary multi-party republic president prime minister euro
Slovenia



Republic of Slovenia south-eastern Europe, bordering Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Adriatic Sea and Italy 7,827 sq mi,
20,273 sq km
Ljubljana unitary multi-party republic president prime minister euro
Solomon Islands*



Solomon Islands south-western Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea 10,954 sq mi,
28,370 sq km
Honiara constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister Solomon Islands dollar
Somalia



Somalia eastern Africa, bordering Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean, Kenya and Ethiopia 246,000 sq mi,
637,000 sq km
Mogadishu transitional, parliamentary federal government president (transitional) president (transitional), prime minister Somali shilling
South Africa

Republic of South Africa southern Africa, bordering Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and southern Atlantic and western Indian oceans; surrounding Lesotho 470,693 sq mi,
1,219,090 sq km
de facto capitals: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), Cape Town (legislative) multi-party republic president president rand
South Korea



Republic of Korea northeast Asia, bordering North Korea, Sea of
Japan and Yellow Sea
38,486 sq mi,
99,678 sq km
Seoul unitary multi-party republic president president South Korean won
South Sudan



Republic of South Sudan south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, west of Ethiopia 248, 776 sq mi,
644,329 sq km
Juba republic president president South Sudanese pound
Spain



Kingdom of Spain south-western Europe, bordering France, Andorra, Mediterranean Sea, Gibraltar, Atlantic Ocean, Portugal and Morocco  194,845 sq mi,
504,645 sq km
Madrid constitutional monarchy king prime minister euro
Sri Lanka



Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri
Lanka
island in northern Indian Ocean, southeast of India 25,332 sq mi,
65,610 sq km
Colombo unitary multi-party republic president president Sri Lankan rupee
Sudan

Republic of the
Sudan
north-eastern Africa, bordering Egypt, Red Sea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic,
Chad and Libya
967,499 sq mi,
2,505,810 sq km
Khartoum (executive), Omdurman (legislative) military-backed
interim regime
president president Sudanese dinar
Suriname



Republic of Suriname northern South America, bordering North Atlantic Ocean, French Guiana, Brazil and Guyana 63,251 sq mi,
163,820 sq km
Paramaribo multi-party republic president president Surinamese dollar
Swaziland

Kingdom of
Swaziland
southern Africa, bordering South Africa and Mozambique 6,704 sq mi,
17,364 sq km
Mbabane (administrative and judicial); Lozitha
and Ludzidzini (royal); Lobamba (legislative)
constitutional monarchy king king lilangeni
Sweden



Kingdom of
Sweden
northern Europe, bordering Finland, Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea and Norway  173,860 sq mi,
450,295 sq km
Stockholm constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister Swedish krona
Switzerland



Swiss Confederation central Europe, bordering Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy and France 15,940 sq mi,
41,284 sq km
Bern (administrative); Lausanne (judicial) federal state president president Swiss franc
Syria



Syrian Arab Republic Middle East, bordering
Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon and Mediterranean Sea
71,498 sq mi,
185,180 sq km
Damascus unitary multi-party republic president president Syrian pound
Tajikistan



Republic of Tajikistan central Asia, bordering Kyrgyzstan, China,
Afghanistan and Uzbekistan
55,300 sq mi,
143,100 sq km
Dushanbe republic president prime minister somoni
Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania eastern Africa, bordering Kenya, Indian Ocean, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda 364,901 sq mi,
945,090 sq km
Dodoma unitary multi-party republic president president Tanzanian shilling
Thailand



Kingdom of
Thailand
south-eastern Asia, bordering Laos, Cambodia, Gulf of Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar 198,117 sq mi,
513,120 sq km
Bangkok constitutional monarchy king prime minister baht
Togo



Togolese Republic western Africa, bordering Burkina Faso, Benin, Atlantic Ocean and Ghana 21,925 sq mi,
56,785 sq km
Lomé multi-party republic president president CFA franc
Tonga



Kingdom of Tonga archipelago in South Pacific Ocean between Hawaii and New Zealand 289.5 sq mi,
749.9 sq km
Nuku'alofa constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister Pa'anga
Trinidad and Tobago



Republic of Trinidad and Tobago islands northeast of
Venezuela, between North Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea
1,990 sq mi,
5,155 sq km
Port of Spain multi-party republic president prime minister Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Tunisia



Tunisian
Republic
northern Africa, bordering Mediterranean Sea, Libya and Algeria  63,170 sq mi,
163,610 sq km
Tunis multi-party republic president prime minister Tunisian dinar
Turkey

Republic of
Turkey
south-western Asia and
south-eastern Europe, bordering Black Sea, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, the Mediterranean Sea, Greece and Bulgaria
302,535 sq mi,
783,562 sq km
Ankara multi-party republic president prime minister New Turkish lira
Turkmenistan



Turkmenistan central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Caspian Sea 188,500 sq mi,
488,100 sq km
Ashgabat unitary single-party republic president president manat
Tuvalu*



Tuvalu western Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea near the Equator 9.90 sq mi,
25.63 sq km
Vaiaku constitutional monarchy British monarch prime minister Australian dollar
Uganda



Republic of Uganda eastern Africa, bordering The Sudan, Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of the Congo  93,263 sq mi,
241,551 sq km
Kampala multi-party republic president president Ugandan shilling
Ukraine



Ukraine eastern Europe, bordering Belarus, Russia, Black Sea, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland 233,062 sq mi,
603,628 sq km
Kiev unitary multi-party republic president prime minister hryvnia
United Arab Emirates



United Arab Emirates Middle East, bordering Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Oman and Saudi Arabia 32,280 sq mi,
83,600 sq km
Abu Dhabi federation of emirates president prime minister UAE dirham
United Kingdom



United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland western Europe, bordering North Sea, English Channel, Celtic Sea, Irish Sea and Ireland 93,628 sq mi,
242,495 sq km
London constitutional monarchy monarch prime minister pound sterling
United States of America



United States of America North America, bordering Canada, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Mexico, Pacific Ocean and Arctic Ocean; Hawaii island group in Pacific Ocean 3,676,486 sq mi,
9,522,055 sq km
Washington, DC federal republic president president US dollar
Uruguay



Oriental Republic of Uruguay southern South America, bordering Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean and Argentina 68,679 sq mi,
177,879 sq km
Montevideo republic president president Uruguayan peso
Uzbekistan



Republic of
Uzbekistan
central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan 172,700 sq mi,
447,400 sq km
Tashkent republic president president sum
Vanuatu



Republic of Vanuatu island group in Oceania,
between the South Pacific Ocean and Coral Sea
4,707 sq mi,
12,190 sq km
Port-Vila republic president prime minister vatu
Vatican



State of the Vatican City southern Europe, within commune of Rome, Italy 0.17 sq mi,
0.44 sq km
Vatican ecclesiastical pope secretary of state euro
Venezuela



Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela northern South America, bordering Caribbean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Guyana, Brazil and Colombia 353,841 sq mi,
916,445 sq km
Caracas federal multi-party republic president president Bolívar fuerte
Vietnam



Socialist Republic of Vietnam south-eastern Asia, bordering China, Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand, Cambodia and Laos 127,882 sq mi,
331,212 sq km
Hanoi socialist republic president prime minister dong
Yemen



Republic
of Yemen
Middle East, bordering Oman, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, Red Sea and Saudi Arabia 203,891 sq mi,
528,076 sq km
Sanaa multi-party republic president prime minister Yemeni rial
Zambia

Republic of Zambia southern Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo 290,585 sq mi,
752,612 sq km
Lusaka multi-party republic president president Zambian kwacha
Zimbabwe



Republic of Zimbabwe southern Africa, bordering Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Zambia 150,872 sq mi,
390,757 sq km
Harare multi-party republic president president Zimbabwean dollar

Notes

* commonwealth realm

Sources

Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook 2013. New York : Skyhorse Pub., 2013.

Encyclopaedia Britannica Almanac 2010. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2009.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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