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General Development of Jazz





1900




1910




1920



1930



1940


  Traditional Jazz Age
                   
    African American         European classical
                                        \       /
                                         Ragtime
                                            ║
              French classical/popular      ║      Other Europe classical/popular
                                      \     ║     /
                          Folk Blues ̶ New Orleans───────────┐
                                          Jazz               │
                                            ║                ▼
                         Classic Blues      ║            Dixieland
                                      \     ║                ║
                                ┌──────New Orleans           ║
                                │       in Chicago           ║
                                │           ║                ▼
                                │           ║     ┌─────Chicago Jazz
                                │           ║     │          ║
             Classic Blues      │┌───────►Swing◄──┘          ║
                          \     ▼▼          ║                ║
                           Kansas City      ║                ║
                               Jazz         ║                ▼
                                │           ║           New Orleans-




1950



 

1960


 


1970
 




1980
  Modern Jazz Age               └────────►Bebop      Dixieland Revival
                                         /  ║
                           Rhythm & Blues   ║
                                            ║
                                        Cool Jazz────────►Tristano School───────────┐
                                            ║ └──────────────┐                      │
                                            ║                ▼                      │
                           ┌─────────────Hard Bop        West Coast                 │
                           │                ║               Jazz                    │
                           │        Soul    ║                │                      │
                           │            \   ║                │                      │
                           │╔═══════════Free Jazz═══════╗    └────────────────────┐ │
                           │║           │   ║           ║                         │ │    World Music
                           │║        ┌──┘   ║   African ╠═════╗                   ▼ ▼   /
                 Soul      │║        │      ║  /        ▼     ╚════════════════►European
                     \     ▼▼        │1970s & 1980s   AACM*                       Jazz
                      Jazz-Fusion/   │ Mainstream       ║ │                         ║          World Music
                     / Jazz-Rock     │      ║   \       ║ │                         ║            /
                 Funk      ║         │      ║    Latin  ║ └────────────┬───────────►║       World Jazz
                           ║ ┌───────┘      ║           ║              │  Heavy     ║           ║
                           ║ │           Neo-Bop/       ║      Punk    │  Metal     ║           ║
                           ║ │          New Swing       ║          \   ▼ /          ║           ║
 


1990






2000
 
  Post-Modern Jazz         ║ │              ║           ▼           No Wave/        ║◄──────────║
                           ▼ ▼              ║        Post Free────►Noise Music/─► ◄─║           ║
                       Free Funk            ║           ║           Art Rock        ║           ║
                      /    ║          Neo-Hard Bop/     ║          /   ║            ║           ║
                  Funk     ▼          Neoclassicism     ║     Rock &   ║            ▼           ║
                         M─Base             ║           ║     others   ║        Imaginary       ║
                       /   ║                ║           ║              ║        Folklore◄───────║
                Hip-Hop    ║                ║           ║              ▼            ║           ║
                           ║                ║           ║          Downtown───► ◄───║           ║
                           ║                ║           ║            Jazz           ║────► ◄────║
                           ║                ║           ║──────► ◄─────║            ║           ║
                           ║                ║           ║              ║            ║           ║
                           ▼                ▼           ▼              ▼            ▼           ▼




Notes

* Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians, created in 1965
Some influences of other music types are shown in blue.

Sources

Berendt, J.E. and G. Huesmann. The Jazz Book: From Ragtime to the 21st Century, 7th ed. Chicago, Il.: Lawrence Hill Books, 2009.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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