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The Works of Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9/10 October 1913, Roncole, near Busseto, Italy – 27 January 1901, Milan). Italian Romantic composer and regarded as the greatest Italian musical dramatist.
Operas
#

Title

Other Title

Genre

Libretto

Source

Premiere

1

Oberto, conte di San Boniface 

  Drama in two acts

Themistocles Sclera

Verdi's unperformed 1836 opera Rochester, with libretto by Antonio Piazza. Revised and presented as Oberto.

Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 17 Nov. 1839

2 Un giro di regna Il finto Stanislao Comic melodrama in two acts Felice Romani Romani's libretto for the 1818 play Il into Stanislao by Delbert Growth, after the 1808 play Le faux Stanislaw by Alexander Pineal-Duval.   Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 5 Sept. 1840  
3

Nabucodonosor

Nabucco
· Anato
· Nino
· Sennacherib 

Lyrical drama in four parts 

Temistocle Solera 

The 1836 play Nabucodonosor by Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois and Francis Cornu, and the 1838 ballet Nabucodonosor by Antonio Cortesi.

Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 9 Mar. 1842

4 I lombardi alla prima crociata       Lyrical drama in four acts   Temistocle Solera   The 1826 poem of the same name by Tommaso Grossi.   Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 11 Feb. 1843  
5

Ernani  

· Demetrio Alvexi
· Elvira d'Aragona
· Ester
· Le proscrit
· Il proscritto  

Lyrical drama in four parts  

Francesco Maria Piave  

The 1830 play Hernani by Victor Hugo.  

Venice, Teatro La Fenice, 9 Mar. 1844  

6 I due Foscari   Aachan   Lyrical tragedy in three acts   Francesco Maria Piave   The 1821 play The Two Foscari by George Byron.   Rome, Teatro Argentina, 3 Nov. 1844  
7

Giovanna d'Arco

Orietta di Lesbo

Lyrical drama with a prologue and three acts  

Temistocle Solera  

In part, the 1801 play Die Jungfrau von Orleans by Friedrich Schiller.  

Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 15 Feb. 1845  

8 Alzira       Lyrical tragedy with a prologue and two acts   Salvatore Cammarano   The 1736 play Alzire, ou Les Américains by Voltaire.   Naples, Teatro San Carlo, 2 Aug. 1845  
9

Attila

Gli unni e i romani  

Lyrical drama with a prologue and three acts  

Temistocle Solera and Francesco Maria Piave  

The 1808 play Attila, König der Hunnen by Zacharias Werner.  

Venice, Teatro La Fenice, 17 Mar. 1846  

10

Macbeth

· Saul
· Sivardo il Sassone  
Opera in four acts   Francesco Maria Piave and Andrea Maffei   The 1605-06 play Macbeth by William Shakespeare.   Florence, Teatro La Pergola, 14 Mar. 1847  
rev. version     Opera in four acts   French translation by Charles Nuitter and Alexandre Beaumont   Piave and Maffei's 1857 libretto.   Paris, Théâtre Lyrique, 21 Apr. 1865  
11

I masnadieri

Adele di Cosenza  

Melodrama in four parts  

Andrea Maffei  

The 1781 play Die Räuber by Friedrich Schiller.  

London, Her Majesty's Theatre, 22 July 1847  

12 Jérusalem   Giselda   Opera in four acts   Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz   French version of Verdi's I Lombardi alla prima Crociata.   Paris, Opéra, 26 Nov. 1847  
13

Il corsaro  

   

Opera in three acts  

Francesco Maria Piave  

The 1814 poem The Corsair by George Byron.  

Trieste, Teatro Grande, 25 Oct. 1848  

14 La battaglia di Legnano   · L'assedio di Arlem
· Das heilige Feur
· Patria
· Pour la patrie
· La sconfitta degli Austriaci  
Lyrical tragedy in four acts   Salvatore Cammarano   The 1828 play La bataille de Toulouse by Joseph Méry.   Rome, Teatro Argentina, 27 Jan. 1849  
15

Luisa Miller  

   

Melodrama in three acts  

Salvatore Cammarano  

The 1784 play Kabale und Liebe by Friedrich Schiller  

Naples, Teatro San Carlo, 8 Dec. 1849  

16 Stiffelio   Guglielmo Wellingrode   Opera in three acts   Francesco Maria Piave   The 1848 play Le pasteur, ou L'èvangile et le Foyer by Emile Souvestre and Eugène Bourgeois.   Trieste, Teatro Grande, 16 Nov. 1850  
17

Rigoletto  

· Clara di Pert
· Lionello
· Triboulet    

Melodrama in three acts  

Francesco Maria Piave  

The 1832 play Le roi s'amuse by Victor Hugo.  

Venice, Teatro La Fenice, 11 Mar. 1851  

18 Il trovatore   The Gypsy's Vengeance   Drama in four parts   Salvatore Cammarano and Leone E. Bardare   The 1836 play El trovador by Antonio García Gutiérrez.   Rome, Teatro Apollo, 19 Jan. 1853  
19

La traviata  

Violetta  

Opera in three acts  

Francesco Maria Piave  

The 1852 play Le dame aux caméllas by Alexandre Dumas.  

Venice, Teatro La Fenice, 6 Mar. 1853  

20 Les vêpres siciliennes   · Giovanna de Guzman
· Batilde di Turenna
· Giovanna di Sicilia
· Il vespro siciliano
· I vespri siciliani  
Opera in five acts   Eugène Scribe and Charles Duveyrier   The 1838 libretto Le duc d'Albe by Scribe and Duveyrier.   Paris, Opéra, 13 June 1855  
21

Simon Boccanegra  

   

Opera with a prologue and three acts  

Francesco Maria Piave and Giuseppe Montanelli  

The 1843 play Simón Bocanegra by Antonio García Gutiérrez.  

Venice, Teatro La Fenice, 12 Mar. 1857  

rev. version  

   

Melodrama with a prologue and three acts  

Arrigo Boito  

Piave's 1857 libretto.  

Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 24 Mar. 1881  

22 Aroldo       Opera in four acts   Francesco Maria Piave   After Piave's 1850 libretto for Stiffelio.   Rimini, Teatro Nuovo, 16 Aug. 1857  
23 Un ballo in maschera   · Amelia
· Gustavo III
· Der verhängisvolle Maskenball  
Melodrama in three acts   Antonio Somma   The 1833 libretto Gustave III, ou Le bal masqué by Eugène Scribe.   Rome, Teatro Apollo
17 Feb. 1859  
24

La forza del destino  

Don Alvaro   Opera in four acts   Francesco Maria Piave   The 1835 play Don Álvaro, o La fuerza del Sino by Ángel de Saavedra and a scene from the 1799 play Wallensteins Lager by Friedrich Schiller.   St Petersburg, Imperial Theatre, 10 Nov. 1862  
rev. version     Opera in four acts   Antonio Ghislanzoni    Piave's 1862 libretto.   Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 27 Feb. 1869  
25

Don Carlos  

   

Opera in five acts  

Joseph Méry and Camille Du Locle  

The 1787 dramatic poem Don Carlos by Friedrich Schiller.  

Paris, Opéra, 11 Mar. 1867  

Don Carlo
rev. version  
    Opera in four acts   Italian translation by Achille De Lauzières   Méry and Du Locle's 1867 libretto.   Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 10 Jan. 1884  
26 Aida       Opera in four acts   Antonio Ghislanzoni   A scenario by Auguste Mariette.   Cairo, Opera House, 24 Dec. 1871  
27 Otello     Lyrical drama in four acts   Arrigo Boito   The 1604-05 play Othello by William Shakespeare.   Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 5 Feb. 1887  
28 Falstaff     Lyrical comedy in three acts   Arrigo Boito   The plays The Merry Wives of Windsor (1600-01) and Henry IV (1597-98) by William Shakespeare.  

Milan, Teatro alla Scala, 9 Feb. 1893  

Other Works
# Title Composed Text Premiere
1 La capriciosa   1825-26          
2 Sinfonia per 'Il barbiere di Siviglia' by G. Rossini   1828          
3 I deliri di Saul, cantata for baritone and orchestra   1828   Vittorio Alfieri      
4 Le lamentazioni di Geremia for baritone   1831   Biblical, arr. by Giovanni Leoni      
5 Laudate pueri in D Major for tenors, bass, chorus and orchestra   c. 1830-32          
6 Qui tollis in F Major for tenor, clarinet and orchestra c. 1830-32    
7 Tantum ergo in F Major for bass and orchestra   c. 1830-32          
8 Tantum ergo in G Major for tenor and orchestra   c. 1830-32          
9 Messe (Kyrie and Gloria), for soprano, tenors, bass and orchestra*   1832-34       Busseto, 15 Sept. 1835  
10 Gloria Domine Deus for tenor, chorus and orchestra   c. 1832-34          
11 Sinfonia in B-flat Major   c. 1838          
12 Sinfonia in C Major   1836-38          
13 Sinfonia in D Major   1836-38          
14 Aria: 'Io la vidi' for solo tenor, second tenor and orchestra   1833   Calisto Bassi      
15 Brindisi (first vers.)   1835   Andrea Maffei      
16 Il cinque maggio, cantata   c. 1836   Alessandro Manzoni      
17 Tantum ergo in G Major for tenor, orchestra and organ   1836          
18 Sonata for Violin and Piano 'Stramberia'   1836-38          
19 Sinfonia in C Major   1836-38          
20 Adagio in D Major for trumpet and orchestra   1837          
21 Variazioni for oboe, and orchestra 'Il canto di Virginia'*   1837          
22 Sei romanze for voice and piano:
1. 'Non t'accostare dall'urna'
2. 'More, Elisa, lo stanco poeta'
3. 'In solitaria stanza'
4. 'Nell'orror di notte oscura'
5. 'Perduta ho la pace'
6. 'Deh, pietosa, oh addolorata'  
1838   1. Jacopo Vittorelli
2. Tommaso Bianchi
3. Jacopo Vittorelli
4. Carlo Angiolini
5. Wolfgang Goethe (trans. Luigi Balestra)
6. Wolfgang Goethe (trans. Luigi Balestra)   
   
23 L'esule (Vedi! la bianca luna) for voice and piano   1839   Temistocle Solera      
24 Notturno (Guarda che bianca luna) for soprano, tenor, bass, flute and piano   1839   Jacopo Vittorelli      
25 La seduzione for voice and piano   1839   Luigi Balestra      
26 Chi i bei dì m'adduce ancora for voice and piano   1842   Wolfgang Goethe (trans. Luigi Balestra?)      
27 Cupo è il sepolcre mutolo for voice and piano   1843   Unknown (Andrea Maffei?)      
28 È la vita un mar d'affanni for voice and piano   1844   Unknown      
29 Era bella, ancor più bella for voice and piano   1844   Unknown      
30 Il tramonto for voice and piano (first vers.)    1845   Andrea Maffei      
31 Sei romanze for voice and piano:
1. 'Il tramonto' (second vers.)
2. 'La zingara'
3. 'Ad una stella'
4. 'Lo spazzacamino'
5. 'Il mistero'
6. 'Brindisi' (second vers.)  
1845   1. Andrea Maffei
2. S. M. Maggioni
3. Andrea Maffei
4. Felice Romani
5. Felice Romani
6. Andrea Maffei  
   
31 L'attente   1846          
32 Il poveretto   1847   Manfredo Maggioni      
33 Inno popolare (Suoni la tromba) for male chorus and piano or orchestra   1848   Goffredo Mameli      
34 L'abondonée   1849   Marie and Léon Escudier      
35 Fiorellin che sorge appena, berceuse for voice and piano   1850   Francesco Maria Piave      
36 La fiorara for voice and piano   1853   E. Buvoli      
37 La preghiera del poeta for voice and piano   1858   Nicola Sole      
38 Sgombra, o gentil for voice and piano   1858   Alessandro Manzoni      
39 Valzer for piano   1859          
40 Il brigidino, stornello for voice and piano   1862   Francesco Dall'Ongaro      
41 Inno delle nazioni for tenor, chorus and orchestra   1862   Arrigo Boito   London, Her Majesty's Theatre, 24 May 1862  
42 Romanza senza parole for piano   1865          
43 Libera me, Domine for soprano, chorus and orchestra for the Messa per Rossini*   1868-69          
44 Stornello (Tu dici che non m'ami) for voice and piano   1869   Anonymous      
45 Quartetto per archi in E minor   1873          
46 Messa da Requiem for soloists, chorus and orchestra   1874;
rev. 1875  
    Milan, San Marco, 22 May 1874; London, Albert Hall, May 1875    
47 Pater nostro volgarizzato da Dante for five-part chorus, a cappella   1880          
48 Ave Maria volgarizzato da Dante for soprano and strings    1880          
49 Pietà, Signor, del nostro error profondo for solists and piano   1894   Arrigo Boito      
50 Quattro pezzi sacri:
1. 'Ave Maria su scala enigmatica' for four-part chorus
2. 'Laudi alla Vergine Maria' for women's chorus, a cappella
3. 'Te Deum' for double chorus and orchestra
4. 'Stabat mater' for double chorus and orchestra  
1. 1889,
rev. 1898
2. c. 1890
3. 1895-96
4. 1898  
2. attrib. Dante
4. Jacopone da Todi  
   
51 O virtù che provvidente for two-part soprano chorus and piano  unknown          


Notes

* Collaborative work

Sources

Harwood, G. W. Giuseppe Verdi: A Research and Information Guide. New York and Oxon: Routledge, 2012

Parker, R., 2001. Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 

 


 






 



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